Essay on Abolitionists

997 Words4 Pages
Abolitionists Strategies of Sojourner Truth, Harriet Tubman, and John Brown

Abolitionist Movement was a reform movement during the 18th and 19th centuries. Often called the antislavery movement, it sought to end the enslavement of Africans and people of African descent in Europe, the Americas, and Africa itself. It also aimed to end the Atlantic slave trade carried out in the Atlantic Ocean between Africa, Europe, and the Americas. Many people participated in trying to end slavery. These people became known as the abolitionists. The three well-known abolitionists are Sojourner Truth, Harriet Tubman, and John Brown.

Sojourner Truth (1797-1883), born into slavery as Isabella, was an American abolitionist and an advocate of
…show more content…
She always expressed confidence that God would aid her efforts, and threatened to shoot any of her charges who thought to turn back. For example, Tubman had a very short rule, which implied death to anyone who talked of giving out and going back. She would give all to understand that "times were very critical and therefore no foolishness would be indulged in on the road". Her subjects were greatly invigorated by Harriet's blunt and positive manner and threat of extreme measures.

When William Still published The Underground Railroad in 1871, he included a letter from Thomas Garret, the Stationmaster of Wilmington Delaware. In this letter, Garret describes Tubman as "Moses". "He success was wonderful. Time and time again she made successful visits to Maryland on the Underground Railroad, and would be absent for weeks at a time, running daily risks while making preparations for herself and her passengers. Great fears were entertained for her safety, but she seemed wholly devoid of personal fear…she would not suffer one of her party to whimper once, about giving out and going back, however wearied they might be by the hard travel day and night."

John Brown was an American abolitionist, born in Connecticut and raised in Ohio. Unlike Truth and Hubman's peaceful strategies, he felt passionately and violently that he must fight to end slavery. The success of the pro-slavery forces, especially their lack of Lawrence, aroused Brown, and
Get Access