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Aboriginal People In Canada

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History

The first people, or aboriginal people, of Canada consists of the Inuits, Métis, and various groups of Indians referred to as the First Nations. Although all three groups are considered aboriginal, the very first people to settle in Canada were the First Nations. They were followed by the Métis, and finally Inuits. Various pieces of information, such as bones and artifacts, show that the First nations arrived at Canada right after the last Ice age, which is approximately 12,000 years ago. At that time, America and Asia were joined by a land bridge, and people were spreading across the world. Scientists believe that a group of nomadic hunters followed big game from Asia to present day Alaska. Then, they spread across Canada, and settled.
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Canada purchased the middle west from the Hudson’s Bay Company, leading to the formation of the provinces of Manitoba, founded in 1870, Alberta, founded in 1905, and Saskatchewan, also founded in 1905. At the same time, the provinces of British Columbia (1871) and Prince Edward Island (1873) joined. In 1885, a railway was constructed, linking the majority of the provinces and stretching from coast to coast. Canada, officially known as the Dominion of Canada, is divided into provinces and territories. These provinces and territories include the provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, and Prince Edward Island, while the territories consist of the Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon. The national anthem of Canada is named “O Canada.” It was originally planned as music for a ceremony in 1880, composed by Calixa Lavallée. Later, the poet Sir Adolphe-Basile Routhier wrote lyrics, in French. The lyrics were translated in 1906, but a person named Robert Stanley Weir wrote a different version in 1908. His version became the commonly used version, and has been revised twice. Shown below are the lyrics for the french, the french translated, and the official
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