Abortion : An Argument Of Moral Idealism

1650 Words Dec 10th, 2015 7 Pages
Abortion is one of the most heavily debated subject matters in the United States today. Most people characterize themselves as either “pro-life” or “pro choice” depending on their position of morality. However, others can align themselves more in the middle and judge the morality as an outsider, finding it entirely possible for one to be “pro-life” but still believe that abortion is immoral. When examining this issue from a utilitarian point of view, one must consider the morality of the action based off the greatest happiness principal, which weights the action against the potential harm or happiness it can cause. By analyzing each various position on abortion through a utilitarian perspective, one can determine what position Mill would been most likely to support on the topic of abortion.

Joh Stuart Mill was a strong proponent, and indeed considered to be the father of, Utilitarianism. This philosophical theory is defined as a form of moral idealism which sets the moral standard of an action based off the greatest potential for harm or happiness that said action could produce. Essentially, Utilitarianism determines whether or not the action will create a significant amount of pleasure and improve quality of life the greatest number of people. Mill states in Utilitarianism, “…Utility, or the Greatest Happiness principle, holds that actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. By happiness is…

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