Abortion Is The Ending Of Pregnancy

1248 Words Nov 30th, 2014 5 Pages
Abortion is the ending of pregnancy by removing the fetus or embryo before it fully develops or in other word before it is able to survive on its own. A simultaneous occurrence of abortion is called miscarriage whereas when purposely caused it is called an induced abortion. Another medically used term is late termination of pregnancy. Induced abortion requires use of medication and surgical methods in modern medicine. Mifepristone and prostaglandin are two medications that are as effective as surgical methods. Despite the effectiveness of medication in what are known as trimester in modern medicine, surgical method is seen to have a lower risk of side effects. Immediately after an abortion, the patient is put under birth control which includes intrauterine devices and pills. Although this practice has not been legalized by law in most developed countries, it has long history of being one of the safest procedures in medicine. The World Health Organization recommends that the same level of safe and legal abortion be availed to all women in all parts of the world. The number of maternal deaths caused by illegal abortion is approximately 47,000 per year globally. In addition, illegal abortion also leads to approximately 5 million hospitalizations all over the world every year.

It is estimated that among the approximated 44 million abortions performed globally every year, slightly below half…
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