Abortion Literature Review

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III. Literature Review:
Historical Background: Prior to the 1900s, abortion was not regulated in the United States. With the rise of the medical profession and increasing immigrant population, doctors became more interested in the reproductive health care process. The American Medical Association (AMA) began to advocate for the criminalization of abortion, stating the need to protect women from the dangerous chemicals used to induce abortion (Solinger, 2015). However, amongst members of the AMA, it was known that the criminalization of abortion would work to correct declining white birth rates. Rickie Solinger (2015) states:
Advocates of criminalization also stressed society’s obligation to halt the declining birthrate among white Americans. And many stressed the need to protect the sanctity of motherhood and the chastity of white women; abortion, after all, supported the separation of sexual intercourse from reproduction. For many physicians and others, all of these concerns were generally more trenchant in the nineteenth century than the issue of fetal life. (Solinger, 2015, pg. 5).
The replacement for abortion was sterilization, which allowed for the control of groups seen as “undesirable” (Solinger, 2015). “Undesirable groups” were decided by those in power, such as the government, and ultimately subjected minorities, those with mental illnesses and disabilities, and the poor to forced sterilization (Solinger, 2015). This continued until 1973, when the Supreme Court
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