Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Essay

1619 Words 7 Pages
Outline

1. Biography
2. Theory
3. Theory Application to Teaching
4. Works Cited

Biography Abraham Maslow was born on April 1, 1908 in Brooklyn, New York. He was the first born of seven. His parents were uneducated Jewish immigrants from Russia to the United States before he was born. They came to America to get away from the harsh conditions and socio-political turmoil. His parents, hoping for their children to do better than they did, pushed for educational excellence. He grew up with almost no friends to play with because his father would make him study for long hours. When Maslow wasn’t busy studying, he was assisting his father to make end meet. He was a very lonely boy who spent a lot of his time with his nose in a book.
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This analysis served as the basis of his theories and research on human potential. In 1951 he switched jobs and started worked at Brandels University until 1969.

During the 1950’s Maslow became one of the founders and driving force behind the school of thought, known as humanistic psychology. His theories, hierarchy of needs, self-actualization and peak experienced became fundamental subjects in the humanist movement. Maslow argued that each person had a hierarchy of need that must be satisfied, ranging fro basis physiological requirements to love, esteem, and finally self-actualization. As each need is satisfied, the next higher level in the emotional hierarchy dominates conscious functioning.

Struggling with ill health, Maslow decided to spend his final year in California where he was half retired. On June 8, 1970 he died of a heart attack.

Theory Maslow first introduced his theory of a hierarchy of needs in a paper he wrote in 1943 called “A Theory of Human Motivation,” and also in a book he wrote called Motivation and Personality. This hierarchy suggests that people are motivated to fulfill basic need before moving on to other needs. His theory is most often shown in a pyramid where the lowest level of the pyramid represents the most basic needs, while the more complex needs are located at the top of the pyramid. The basic needs consist of the need for food, water, sleep and warmth.
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