Absentee Voting in the United States

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The U.S Constitution gives the states considerable latitude in the way of conducting elections. The American citizens have many opportunities to vote. However, a turnout in American elections has dramatically decreased over the past several decades. In order to address this issue, majority of states have allowed absentee voting reforms. These convenient reforms are thought to increase the voter turnout in the elections, as well as to reduce administrative costs. There are several forms of absentee voting that are believed to improve overall voting quality. Permanent absentee voting is one of them. This particular rule allows the voter to vote absentee without requesting an absentee ballot for each election (Sabato 2013, 98). Generally, permanent absentee voting was available for military voter and individuals with disabilities in order to increase certain categories of voters. Currently, According to National Conference of State Legislatures, every state permits an absentee ballot to certain voters. While 27 states allow no-excuse absentee voting, in other 21 states the excuse is required. Eight states including Arizona, California, Colorado, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Montana, New Jersey and Utah offer voters the option to register for no-excuse permanent absentee voter status. Five states such as Kansas, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Missouri and West Virginia, allow permanent absentee voter status for voters with disability. While Alaska and Delaware offer
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