Absolute Poverty Definition

989 Words4 Pages
Poverty can be defined as absolute and relative allow this is a very debatable definition and has a lot of interpretations.
It can be based on a various idea of provisions and the very minimum of survival, this is the impression of absolute poverty. The measuring of absolute poverty is limited to martial deprivation and a price of the basic essentials in life, people that can not afford the basic essentials are deemed to be in absolute poverty, unable to maintain even basic provision levels (Baldock,2012, p.85-86). Households with below 60% of the median income in some base year, usually 2010/2011 are in absolute low income. “Absolute income measure looks at whether living standards at the bottom of the distribution are improving over time” (Great Britain. House of commons library, 2016, p.3-4).
One of the first people to attempt the defining and measuring of absolute poverty was Seebohm Rowntree (1871-1954), he established a basic minimum income which if below provision was not possible. In 1899 he discovered that a third of working class households in York, when measured were in absolute poverty. His third survey in 1950 (York) it showed that 1.5% had dropped in his total sample, leading to arguments that poverty in the UK had effectively been abolished. However, the concept of absolute poverty is still argued today and is very much still debated and interpreted (Baldock,2012, p85-86).
When it comes to the defining the minimum measurements of basic provisions this is
Open Document