Absolute Poverty : The State Of Being Poor

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‘Relative Poverty’ refers to: “The state of being poor, with reference to a real, or perceived standard of living in a society” Lawson et al (2001, p.207). Lawson et al (2001) state it’s difficult defining relative poverty accurately, due to living standards varying over place and time. They add, it’s also difficult to agree on how standard of living should be measured, and used as a reference point. ‘Absolute Poverty’ refers to: “The lack of basic necessities i.e. (food, shelter, and access to clean water and medical care) with which to sustain a healthy existence” Lawson et al (2001, p.1). Absolute poverty tends to be correlated with developing countries, however, it’s disputed that this type of poverty exists in numerous developed industrial societies among the destitute (Moore et al., 2002). Poverty is escalating in the UK; with a government attempting to manage the economic climate and tackle the deficit from the recession, a surge in cuts to the public sector are inevitable (Jones et al., 2011). Jones et al (2001) found, in turn, households are financially affected and health is jeopardised. There is an array of reasons as to why people fall into poverty, such as unemployment, lone parenting and disability (Aiken et al., 2001). According to Office for National Statistics (2014) lone parents are more likely to be unemployed than the population average; and certain ethnic minority groups such as Asians and Afro-Caribbean’s have higher levels of lone parents than the
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