Abstract. Anabolic Androgenic Steroids Are Ergogenic Resources

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Anabolic Androgenic Steroids are ergogenic resources commonly used by athletes in search of better achievement performances. However, the use of these substances by non-athletes, for aesthetic purposes, have become a growing problem in gyms and sports centers. This conduct has favored the indiscriminate and abusive use of these steroids, exposing its users to health risks. Anabolic steroids are a subset of androgens, namely, synthetic compounds derived from testosterone, developed for therapeutic purposes. But these substances also have been used in sports, with the objective of improvement in physical performance, due to its great anabolic and reduced androgenic effect property. Therefore, these anabolic properties promote the
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Testosterone exerts effects as androgenic and anabolic in an extensive variety of target tissues, including the reproductive system, the central nerve system, anterior pituitary gland, kidney, liver, muscles and heart (Hebert et al., 1984; Shahidi, 2001; Sinha-Hikim et al., 2002). The Androgenic effects are responsible for the growth of the male reproductive tract and development of secondary sexual characteristics, while the anabolic effects stimulate nitrogen fixation and increase protein synthesis (Shahidi, 2001). The anabolic activity of testosterone and its derivatives is manifested primarily in your mycotrophic action, resulting in an increase to muscle mass by increasing the protein synthesis in the muscle (Kam, Yarrow, 2005) and by controlling body fat levels.
The potential therapeutic value of anabolic activity of testosterone in various catabolic conditions have led to the synthesis of many derivatives which aims to prolong its biological activity, developing products ever less androgenic and more anabolic, called androgenic anabolic steroids. Therefore, anabolic steroids are a subset of androgens, namely synthetic testosterone derivatives, (Kam, Yarrow, 2005).
Anabolic steroids were first developed for therapeutic purposes, as an example, for the treatment of patients with natural androgen deficiency, on surgeries’ recovery, muscle atrophies by improving nitrogen balance in catabolic states, preventing the loss of lean body mass and reducing the growth

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