Abuse and Vulnerable Adults Essays

5334 Words Mar 28th, 2014 22 Pages
Safeguarding and Protection of Vulnerable Adults

Understanding the Legislation, Regulations and Policies that underpin the protection of Vulnerable Adults

1.1 Analyse the differences between the concept of safeguarding and the concept of protection in relation to vulnerable adults

Safeguarding was defined in the Children’s Act of 1989, and is most commonly applied to children and young people under the age of eighteen. Key aspects of legislation have recently been extended to include similar standards of protection to ‘vulnerable adults’. A vulnerable adult is defined as a person aged eighteen or over, who has either a dependency upon others in the performance of, or require assistance in the performance of basic functions:
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Private hospitals and clinics provide modern standards of healthcare and parents who use child minders or day-care services can be assured that their children are in safe hands. The General Social Care Council (GSCC) was set up under The Care Standards Act of 2000, alongside the National Care Standards Commission (NCSC) and the Social Services Inspectorate (SSI). NCSC and SSI merged in 2004 to become the Commission for Social Care Inspection (CSCI) which is now the Care Quality Commission (CQC).

The following laws have been developed over a number of years and occasionally come about as responses of cases being highlighted in the media:
• National Assistance Act 1948
• Mental Health Act 1983
• Mental Health Bill 2004
• Mental Capacity act 2005
• Chronically Sick and Disabled Persons Act 1986
• Disability Discrimination Act 1995
• NHS Community Care Act 1990
• Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006
• Adult Support and Protection Act (Scotland) 2007

This has led to an alarming number of changes in law overtime as a result of investigations into abuse in institutions and towards individuals. The government had to respond by changing the laws to address protection of adults through guidelines and policies documented. The year 2000, and a couple of years leading up to this date saw several publications from the government all seeking to address the issue of adult abuse.

The