Academic Achievement

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Text 1-1
1.1 1.2

Academic Achievement
This unit will help you: use your prior knowledge to help you understand what you are reading; practice reading for a specific purpose; make decisions about the relevance of a text in terms of reading purpose; read selectively in order to use appropriate information from the text.

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The topic of this unit concerns factors that may lead to improvement in academic performance among students. It is based on three major research projects carried out in the United States.

The influence of class size on academic achievement (157–159)

Task 1: Predicting text content
Think about what factors can have an influence on the academic achievement of the students in a school, college, or
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The following activity will provide practice in this important skill. 5.1 Look at line 119 of Text 1-1. What information or idea in the text do the words these findings refer to? a) The US Department of Education b) The National Assessment of Educational Progress c) Project STAR Study tip
An effective reader makes use of referencing in a text to gain a clear understanding of what the author wishes to convey.

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English for academic study

Academic Achievement
5.2 What other words or phrases (lines 119–148) refer to the same data? a) b) 5.3 (line number (line number ) )

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What reasons do the writers give for ignoring the data? Complete the list below, using a similar note form. a) b) c) d) e)

5.4

What factors, according to the writers, made Project STAR better than other poorly designed studies? Complete the list below, using a similar note form. a) b) c) d) e)

Text 1-2 A case study: Shining star

(p. 160)

Task 6: Reading a text for closer understanding (1)
6.1 What general point is made in the first paragraph of Text 1-2 (lines 1–11)? Find a short phrase that best summarizes this conclusion.

Reading & Writing 21 21

6.2

In the second paragraph, which of the following benefits of smaller classes do Finn and Achilles (1990) identify in their review of the project? Answer true or false and add the line number from where you found the answer. a) Better
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