Academic Socialization : Differences And Challenges

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Adult ELLs’ Academic Socialization: Differences and Challenges
Students who come from different academic, social, and cultural backgrounds have received different orientations towards literacy skills or the educational experience in general, which eventually influence their academic performance either as analytical readers, writers, class discussion participants, presenters, or note-takers. The multilingual and multicultural population of learners such as the ELLs comes to the English academic institutions with a wide range of life histories and experiences that might create some challenges and tensions in their L2 academic socialization. One of these challenges is proposed by the gap between ESL students’ interpretations of what
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In other words, the diverse cultural interpretations of how learning and teaching should be among students and teachers may obstruct the opportunities for students’ socialization as well as for teachers’ to socialize their students into the new academic community. Likewise, Leibowitz (2005) reported that the differences between the sociocultural, economic, and educational backgrounds of isiXhosa-speaking students and their current educational setting in an English-medium South African university has imposed discomfort in their interaction with written discourses of that community. This discomfort was resulted from the students’ observation of the disparities between their previous and current academic orientations, which in turn, had negatively impacted their engagement in the writing discourse of their new academic community. In her study of the academic discourse socialization experience of a doctoral Japanese student—Kota—at a Canadian university, Morita (2009) indicated that the cultural differences exist across Japanese and Canadian pedagogical practices, learning styles, and student roles had negatively influenced Kota’s full participation in the classroom. Unlike the Japanese students who are more expected to receive knowledge from instructors, Canadian students are encouraged to express their thoughts and share their knowledge, the fact that enacted a challenge for Kota to take a turn
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