Access Of Mental Health Services

1497 Words Oct 22nd, 2015 6 Pages
Access to mental health services is distributed unevenly across countries, with low and middle-income countries (LMICs) lacking proportionate access to human resources and treatments. Developed countries only carry a small portion of the global mental health burden, and yet they are most equipped to treat patients. In need of a more sustainable method of providing mental health services within the confines of cost and time, LMICs have begun to explore the option of task-sharing, in which mental health care is conjointly or selectively provided by a trained community member with preexisting or nonexistent experience in health-related functions. If treatments and interventions conducted by non-specialists are comparably effective to those given by professionals, some tasks and functions can be transferred to more cost-effective and available individuals. This transition has the potential to narrow the gap in discrepancies in access to psychological treatments between developed and developing countries.
One of the most cost-effective and realistic options for a developing country to offset a scarcity of human resources is to train community members with no previous experience in the health sector. A study by Bass et al. (2006) demonstrates the potential for trained community members to hold effective psychotherapy sessions. In this study, the effectiveness of villager-led group psychotherapy sessions on depressive symptoms was assessed in villages across rural Uganda.…

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