Accident Detection and Reporting System Using Gps, Gprs and Gsm Technology

1673 Words Apr 26th, 2013 7 Pages
IEEE/OSA/IAPR International Conference on Informatics, Electronics & Vision

Accident Detection and Reporting System using GPS, GPRS and GSM Technology
Md. Syedul Amin, Jubayer Jalil
Department of Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia 43600 UKM, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

M. B. I. Reaz
Department of Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia 43600 UKM, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia email: mamun.reaz@gmail.com

Abstract— Speed is one of the basic reasons for vehicle accident. Many lives could have been saved if emergency service could get accident information and reach in time. Nowadays, GPS has become an integral part of a vehicle system. This paper proposes to utilize
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As such, an efficient automatic accident detection with an automatic notification to the emergency service with the accident location is a prime need to save the precious human life.

Many researchers carried out their studies on accident detection system. Traditional traffic accident prediction uses long-term traffic data such as annual average daily traffic and hourly volume. In contrast to traditional traffic accident prediction, real-time traffic accident prediction relates accident occurrences to real-time traffic data obtained from various detectors such as induction loops, infrared detector, camera etc. Real-time traffic accident prediction focuses on the change of traffic conditions before an accident occurrence, while traffic incident detection studies are concerned with the change of traffic conditions after an incident occurrence [3]. However, the performance of these detection and prediction

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IEEE/OSA/IAPR International Conference on Informatics, Electronics & Vision system is greatly restricted by the number of monitoring sensor, available fund, algorithms used to confirm an accident, weather, traffic flow etc. Besides the automatic detection system, manual incident detection methods detects the accident from the motorist report, transportation department or public crews report,