Essay on Accommodating Different Learning Styles in the Classroom

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Accommodating Different Learning Styles in the Classroom

“Learning styles.” What are learning styles? Various researchers have created different tools that categorize the way people acquire and retain information. Some of these include Gardner’s multiple intelligences, McCarthy’s 4-Mat System, and the Myers-Briggs personality type indicators (Ebeling 2000). Haar, Hall, Schoepp & Smith (2002) define learning styles as “individual differences in the way information is perceived, processed, and communicated.” There are two main points to cover when discussing learning styles. The first part is the specifics of each learning style. The second part is how to teach someone who is a certain style or combination of styles.
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Auditory learners: 1. Learn best when they can talk and interact verbally. 2. Like to be read to or to read out loud, but not silently. 3. Like to listen to tapes. Can remember things set to music more easily. 4. Work better with background sound like music. 5. Like panels, debates, and storytelling. 6. Are not bothered by disorder in the environment. 7. Ask numerous questions to better understand the information, and this is often perceived as “not paying attention.” 8. Do not like written work and reading, and therefore, are often labeled as “not applying themselves.” 9. Can be helped most by understanding parents and teachers who will provide supportive, compensating homework settings.

Tactile learners: 1. Learn best when they can touch. 2. Like to fiddle with things. 3. Like to take things apart to see how they work. 4. Are not as motor drive as the kinesthetic. 5. Learn best with manipulatives. 6. Learn best by doing. 7. Need hands-on learning. 8. Need to be taught adaptive skills such as taking notes, highlighting, and how to cope in a traditional learning system.

Kinesthetic learners: 1. Learn best when the body is in movement. 2. Learn best by doing. 3. Need a hands-on, multi-sensory approach. 4. Are motor-driven. 5. Do not do well under bright fluorescent
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