According To Rawls And The Four Roles Of Political Philosophy

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Four Roles of Political Philosophy According to Rawls, political philosophy performes four major functions in public’s life of a particular society. Its first function is considered as practical that provides fundamentals for reasoned agreement within a society which consequently intensify divisions threaten resulting in conflict. Rawls quotes Hobbes's Leviathan as an endeavor to resolve problem of peace and order during the English civil war, and the Federalist Papers which materialized from the debate over the US Constitution. Secondly, political philosophy has its contribution in facilitating citizens to adjust themselves within their own social world. Philosophy is capable to reflect, why human beings are members of a particular society?…show more content…
According to diversity within a democratic society , what would it mean for citizens legitimately to use coercive political among themselves?however, according to Rawls's there exists a liberal principle of legitimacy for suitable use of political power in a democratic country. “Our exercise of political power is fully proper only when it is exercised in accordance with a constitution the essentials of which all citizens as free and equal may reasonably be expected to endorse in the light of principles and ideals acceptable to their common human reason”. (PL, 137)” Pluralism and the Public Political Culture Rawls's description on the subject of reasonable citizen is also relevant to his vision for human nature. Humans are not irredeemably self-centered, dogmatic, or driven by what Hobbes called, “a perpetual and restless desire of power after power.” (1651, 58). The ability of genuine toleration and respect among themselves are in human nature factors. Political Conceptions of Justice Rawls provided a solution To overcome the challenge of legitimacy in a liberal society, that is political power to be exercised according to a political conception of justice. A political conception of justice can be refered as “an interpretation of the fundamental ideas implicit in that society's public political

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