According to Henri Fayol, to Manage Is to Forecast and Plan, to Organize, to Command, to Co-Ordinate and to Control. Critically Discuss Fayol’s Perspective.

2020 Words Apr 11th, 2011 9 Pages
Since the beginning of business and organisations, there has been massive controversy over which method is more effective in motivating employees, making them more productive, and in turn making the organisation as a whole more productive and profitable. The early days of organisations brought about the Classical Theorists, who believed that management was a rational activity that could be studied, also known as scientific management. Along with Fayol, the other most well known Classical Theorists were Max Weber of Germany, and Frederick Taylor of the USA. However, as the years progressed, new theorists began to pay more attention to the personal needs of the employee, and they were labelled the Human Relations Theorists. The Human …show more content…
Taylor’s management system needed nearly the identical basic factors as Fayol’s system and Weber’s Bureaucracy. His framework for his organisation included clear delineation of authority, responsibility, management by exception, and task specialisation. But just as Fayol and Weber, Taylor was heavily criticised for his dehumanising approach to management, and his lack of regard for the workers’ psychological needs, and treating them as machines. Another frailty of the system was that when Taylor was creating ‘Scientific Management’, he had several underlying assumptions. “His views on motivation, management, and organisation all presupposed certain conditions to be constant”, which we know, they are not [accessed 12th November 2009]. His presupposed constant conditions included a money economy where all businesses’ main objective was to improve efficiency and maximise profit as much as possible, everybody would be following the Protestant work ethic which assumed that people would be willing to put the company’s interests before their own interests at all times to ensure maximum economical gain for their selves, and that an increased size is desirable in order to obtain the advantages of the division of labour and specialisation of tasks. Even though Taylor’s managerial techniques are heavily criticised and at some times flawed, it did bring
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