The POS is a great indicator of items in stock and knows when to order more stocks of the items. Every time any item is sold, POS updates the server and the inventory amount changes. Remember that POS system is the location where a transaction or checkout takes place. POS systems are able to track the internal stock and automatically schedule the replenishment stock from external sources. This inventory management is an important part of Information Systems. Inventory management is mainly about specifying the size and placement of stocked goods. Inventory management is also required at different locations of the supply chain; this encompasses everything from replenishment lead time, carrying the cost of inventory, inventory and demand forecasting, inventory valuation, inventory visibility, price forecasting, quality management, and returns of defective goods. The inventory management needs to be handled in the efficient manner as it is
The following is a review of the Financial Reporting and Analysis principles designed to address the
The value of fixed assets typically decreases over time. The amount of the decrease each year is accounted for and is called depreciation. Depreciation for the year is expensed on the income statement and added to the accumulated depreciation account on the balance sheet. So the value of the fixed assets on the balance sheet is reduced by the accumulated depreciation.
| In Year 1, depreciation is $5,000 plus 15% of the asset’s outlayFrom Year 2, depreciation is either * 30% of the asset’s book value; or * if the asset’s book value is less than $6,500, depreciation is the asset’s book value (i.e. asset is depreciated to zero once book value < $6,500)
The con of periodic system is the system does not keep continuous record of its inventory on hand. This make seller hard to do the stock check and they are not clear about the number of the inventory.
This occurred when the Accelerated Cost Recovery System was placed. Noland (2011) stated that this act, that was placed in 1981 "specified both the life of the asset and the depreciation rate for tax purposes" (p. 2). This system has changed and has been renamed and is now known as MACRS.
> During a depreciable asset’s useful life, its revenue-producing ability declines because of wear and tear.
Furthermore, by adopting a historical cost approach the assets will be depreciated over that useful life which has been estimated. With the useful life of an asset being so subjective it is hard to apportion a useful figure to depreciation. By increasing the useful life of an asset you are effectively spreading the depreciation expense over a longer period of time resulting in lower depreciation expenses and vice versa. In fact, Zheng et al. (2012) go one step further and consider depreciation to be a strategy for managers to manipulate profits.
Is the cost as a result of a legal requirement for retiring a tangible long-lived asset that results from acquiring or operating that same asset.
Office Depot uses multiple inventory strategies to order products. 90% to 95% of goods are ordered through automatic replenishment, manual replenishment, pull replenishment, and global sourcing are also used depending on channel, volume, velocity and cost. (Office Depot, 2015). The accuracy of the inventory from both a DC and store perspective is critical to the organizations success. Heizer and Render (2014) state that record accuracy is a prerequisite to inventory management, production scheduling, and sales. Accuracy is maintained by either periodic or perpetual systems (p.479). In Office Depot, the stores are required to cycle-count technology items such as laptops, desktops computers, and tablets five days a week. Discrepancies are entered in the system and bounced off the local DC’s on-hand inventory discrepancies. Office Depot is a “blind receive” organization meaning the stores receive pallets of products and simply unwrap and put them away. The only way a store knows if a product is missing is through the cycle-count program. This system was put into place to speed up the receiving process and eliminate unnecessary steps once the product was received at the store level. Office Depot conducts a full physical inventory once a year through a third party and trues up the inventory shrink at this time.
2) The system keeps track of removals from inventory on a continuous basis, so the system can provide information on the current level of inventory for each item
A1. Concerns in Budget Planning: Budgetary Items. Depreciation: Depreciation is “the method that the accountants use to allocate the cost of equipment and other assets to the total cost of products and services as shown on the income statement” (Berman, Knight, & Case, 2013). Depreciation is said to be based on the same fundamentals as accruals in that a company “wants to match as closely as possible the costs of products and services with what was sold” (Berman et al., 2013). The idea is to spread the cost of the expenditure over the useful life of the item over the course of time (Berman et al., 2013). Depreciation carries too much of an increase in year 9. Year 8 totals for accumulated depreciation is at
point of sale system. The POS system is a perpetual inventory counting method that electronically records items immediately upon their point of sale (Stevenson, 2015, pg. 552). In other words, as a cashier scans a customer 's groceries, each scanned item is automatically recorded in the system and deducted from the store’s inventory. Implementing a point of sale would benefit a business’s inventory management function in several ways. First, the POS system will provide managers with a continuous flow of updated information (Stevenson, 2015, pg. 552). As a result, the information will provide more accuracy when used for sales forecasts and analysis, which substantially affect inventory decisions. Continuously, this inventory system would also allow greater flexibility in the sense that it can be wirelessly linked to the main company’s inventory system, creating a network of the company’s inventory systems. The POS system is capable of tracking many operations at once and can be modified according to management’s needs (MacCarthy, n.d.). This flexibility would undoubtedly benefit a large company like Wegman’s with many store locations. Lastly, the system is able to help businesses maintain a high level of customer service. Because the system gives customers a receipt with the price and quantity of each item purchased, the customer is able to see exactly what he or she purchased. This practice
Depreciation involves spreading the cost of an item over several years or over its useful lifetime. This is an accounting of the reduction in value of the merchandise and it will be reflected as an expense on the company’s income statement. Therefore, this is important because nothing holds its full value over time and organizations need to account for the devaluation. Accountants and financial officers follow GAAP guidelines to determine depreciation. The depreciation of an item is an estimated guess not a proven reality.
Depreciation is the reduction in the value of certain fixed assets. It is a periodic reduction of fixed assets, usually done every year. Fixed assets are assets that add value to the company. Examples of fixed assets that can be depreciated are vehicles, buildings, machinery, equipment and fixture and fittings. The only fixed asset that is not depreciated is land, because it is not worn-out overtime, unless natural resources are being exploited. When a company buys a new fixed asset it doesn’t account for the full cost of it as one single large expense, instead the expense is spread over the life time of the asset. This is done by depreciating the asset. For example a company purchases a CNC router for €50,000 and will be used for five year. If they pay the full amount in the