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Achilles Tendon Research Paper

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Achilles Tendon Rupture With Phase II Rehab

The Achilles tendon is a cord-like band that connects the lower leg muscles to the heel. An Achilles tendon rupture is a tear in this tendon.
CAUSES

This condition may be caused by:

Sudden stress on the tendon, such as can be caused by jumping.

A blow to the tendon.

RISK FACTORS

This condition is more likely to develop in:

Runners.

People who play sports that involve sprinting, running, or jumping.

People who play contact sports.

People with a weak Achilles tendon. Tendons can weaken from aging, repeat injuries, and diseases of the tendon.

People with Achilles tendonitis.

SYMPTOMS

Symptoms of this condition include:

Hearing a pop at the time of injury.
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Keeping your heels on the floor and your back knee straight, shift your weight over your back leg. You should feel a gentle stretch in your back calf.

Hold this position for seconds.

Repeat times. Complete this stretch times per day.

Exercise E: Soleus, Standing

Stand with your hands against a wall.

Extend your leg behind you, and bend your front knee slightly. Your heels should be on the floor.

Put a folded washcloth under the arch of your foot for support.

Point the toes on your back foot slightly inward.

Keeping your heels on the floor, bend your back knee and shift your weight slightly over your back leg. You should feel a gentle stretch deep in your back calf.

Hold this position for seconds.

Repeat times. Complete this stretch times per day.

STRENGTHENING EXERCISES

These exercises build strength and endurance in your lower leg. Endurance is the ability to use your muscles for a long time, even after they get tired.

Exercise F: Dorsiflexion and Plantar Flexion, Heel/Toe Walking

Dorsiflexion

Walk on your heels for seconds / feet. Keep your toes as high as possible.

Repeat times. Complete times per day.

Plantar
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Balance is important in preventing falls.

Exercise H: Inversion/Eversion

To do this exercises, you will need a balance board. You can make a balance board with:

A sturdy board about 1½ ft long and 1–1½ ft wide.

A rod or pipe that is about 1½ inches wide and as long as the board. A copper pipe or a broomstick handle may work well.

Set your board down on a non-carpeted surface near a countertop or wall. If you made your own board, set the board piece on top of the rod or pipe piece.

Step onto the board so that your feet are hip-width apart and equally straddle the rod or pipe.

Keeping your feet in place and without shifting your upper body or hips, tip the board from side-to-side. Control the movement so the board silently taps the ground. The board should not forcefully strike the ground.

Keeping your feet in place and without shifting your upper body or hips, tip the board side to side. Control the movement so the board does not strike the ground. Pause from time to time and hold a steady position.

Repeat the first two exercises using only your foot. Place your foot directly over the rod or pipe.

Repeat times. Complete this exercise times a
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