Acid-Base Reactions Lab Report

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The experiment utilized acid-base reactions (Table 1) to manipulate the extraction and isolation of the three components. The first component that was extracted from the three component mixture was the base m-Nitroaniline. HCL was added to the three-component mixture, the base m-Nitroaniline separated from the ether, benzoic acid, and naphthalene. After this acidic extract was separated into an Erlenmeyer flask along with the water extract, the acidic extract was converted back to m-Nitroaniline by adding NaOH until the solution became alkaline. Following vacuum filtration the remaining compound was observed as yellow powder. Benzoic acid was then separated and extracted after adding NaOH. HCL was then added until the solution became acidic.
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