Contracts are an important part of everyday life. They are an essential part of business. As a student of a business law class, I will discuss in this paper several aspects of contracts. This paper will give a definition of a contract and the essential elements necessary to form a valid contract. It will briefly discuss breach of contract and the difference between a material breach and a nonmaterial breach of contract. Examples of legal and equitable remedies available for breach of contracts will be highlighted. Also, legal excuses for nonperformance or other grounds for discharge of contracts will be addressed. Finally, three types of common contracts personally and professionally encountered will be mentioned.
Various liabilities can arise while manufacturing and selling fireworks. Potential personal liabilities can also arise if a customer is injured while using the fireworks and can often be devastating to the owner of a business, especially if the owner is not protected by an appropriate business structure/entity (Rogers, 2012). Hence, in order to expand the business, one of the best precautions would be to change the business from a sole proprietorship to a Limited Liability Company (LLC) (Miller, 2015). Moreover, while transitioning into a larger business, the company would have to hire additional employees or independent contractors so as to keep up with an increase in demand for the products, which leads to the necessity of having a valid contract in place to ensure that every transaction and business dealing is carried out legally (Miller, 2015). Hence, the purpose of this paper will be to provide advice to Acme Fireworks’ owner as the manager on different issues ranging from common law and UCC requirements of business contracts, the essential elements of a contract, personal potential liability in case of injury, the different types of employment and the most appropriate business structure for the company.
Acme Fireworks is a reputable fire work company that falls under the form of retailer. In order to gain consumers and sell their products they must put out ground display’s of their fireworks as well as a variety of aerial fireworks, especially their larger products. This company started out as a small family owned business in the back of a man’s garage and as he grew and drew in more consumers he is now a managing fifteen employees that help him operate his business. The company has been a sole proprietorship and the owner has never changed his entity, meaning no partnerships or shareholders. The owner has received numerous inquiries from surrounding businesses if his company would be able to create more personalized fireworks for them on a more regular basis.
•Brand the company to the thousands of ofﬁce workers in a 5 block radius which is increasing 7% annually do to construction and building renovation. •Allows hours of operation to expand to 7 AM to 7 PM. •Provides grounds to schedule an additional 65 employee exams per month •Provides overlap to decrease wait time during lunch time hours.
There is much to consider when expanding a business. How will you make, market, and distribute your product. Are you willing to take full liability for your product and understanding the legalities of what happens if your product is defective? Once that has been established, it’s important to make sure that your business dealings are in order. The strength of the contract and what all it entails. Knowing that the legal document is important more so when things tend to go downhill. Above all is deciding which type of business entity the company will select especially if the company starts out small and looks to
Contracts are formal agreements between people or businesses however, there are many different types of contracts and many different parts to a contract. There are a couple of elements of a contract. First proposal of the contract is accepted than consideration of the offer. In addition to that, a contract must be for a lawful purpose and the adults must be of sound mind to consent to a contract. Lastly, writing some types of contracts must be in writing to be enforceable. There are two contract rules for governing the sales of goods and the sale of services. The Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) is the code used for the sales of goods. The sales of services is use common law to govern these contracts.
Fireworks are one of those things that everyone loves to see every chance they can get. Acme Fireworks wants to start showing fireworks on the regular basis, but it will cost more to hire more people for the labor, insurance, and the service of setting off the fireworks. I will determine if the contract with the businesses will be governed by common law or the Uniform Commercial Code and explain why, analyze whether the owner formed the contract with the business and apply the five essential elements of an enforceable contract. I will explain the potential personal liability to Acme Fireworks if a spectator is injured by a stray firework from a fireworks display, discuss the difference employment types and relationships relevant to agency law and analyze the advantages and disadvantages of each type specific to Acme Fireworks. I will also explain why Acme Fireworks should not operate as a sole proprietorship and I will recommend a new business entity and provide rationale to support my recommendation.
Due to the different roots of the two systems, the definition of a contract, as well as its formation, differ between contract law in Common Law Jurisdictions and in Civil Law Jurisdictions (France). The Common Law views contracts as bargains, exchange, a simple agreement has no binding force. It is mainly concerned with forecasting the impact and the binding legal consequences of a party’s promise. The structure or purpose of the contract is not as important as knowing whether the promise of performance that the contract is based upon is enforceable.
Normally, contracts are governed and enforced by the law in the state in which the agreement was made but depending on the subject matter of the agreement such as property lease and sales of goods thus a contract may be govern by either one or two types of state law, namely; The common Law and The Uniform Commercial Code (UCC).
The Uniform Commercial Code (UCC), in contrast, falls under civil law, “which is based on a rigid code of rules” (businessdictionary.com, 2013). It was established to create a uniform set of laws for business transactions, since common law can vary from state to state (Beatty, Samuelson, Bredeson, 2013). As far as contracts are concerned, Article 2 of the UCC is of most significance. This part of the code deals with the sale of goods. Goods are defined in terms of contracts as anything that is moveable, other than money, investment securities and certain legal rights (Beatty, Samuelson, Bredeson, 2013). Common law, on the other hand, is used for contracts involving the sale of services or anything else other than goods (Beatty, Samuelson, Bredeson, 2013).
The Uniform Commercial Code has been one of the standards for doing business in North Carolina since 1965. Over the years, there have been changes and modifications to the originally adopted code; but, it is important to note that the basics of justice and fairness to all parties involved, have remained the same. As important as the UCC is to commerce today, it is by no means the only law governing business. Prior to the adoption of the UCC, the legal authority for just about every aspect of life – business or personal—has been Common Law. Although the UCC encompasses the ways of commerce today, it is important to remember that business thrives on contracts and Contract Law is still a major portion of Common Law. It stands to reason that each is just as important as the other when it comes to the standards of doing business.