Active Experiment Essay

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“There are only two ways that humankind can produce knowledge: through passive observation or through active experiment. To what extent do you agree with this statement ?” I believe that passive observation and active experiment are the only ways to produce knowledge. In many instances, passive observation and active experiment are used together to develop a deeper understanding in a specific subject area. While considering ‘Reason’, there is an inter-relationship between observation & experiment. The two methods are used together to come to conclusions in the process of rational discovery. In terms of Memory, Shiffrin’s Multi-Store Model and Baddeley & Hitch’s Working Memory Model demonstrate how memory is a combination of both processes. Emotion involves both, thought acquired knowledge and psychological arousal. Hence, it can be seen that emotion is a result of both, active experiment and passive observation.

Reason is the process of rational discovery. It is the determination of of ‘this’ or ‘that’ through a
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Following this trend, Stanley Schachter and Jerome Singer proposed that there are cognitive factors that influence the varied states of emotions. They took account of the physiological-based theories such as the James-Lange Theory and the Cannon-Bard Theory. When an individual encounters a stimulating event, perception and interpretation of the stimulus follows. After perception and interpretation of the sensory information, the processed information is divided into stimulus and the context of the event, which is a specific cognitive label. The information about the stimulus triggers a general autonomic arousal. and the cognitive label causes a particular emotion to be experienced. Once an emotion is experienced, feedback occurs. This theory attributes emotional response to cognitive labelling of physiological arousal. This is knowledge production through active
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