Active Support For Encouraging And Improving Individual's Life Of People With Intellectual Disability

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Active support is a person- focused procedure for encouraging and improving individual’s life of people with intellectual disability by maximizing participation with all types of related activities in daily life (Totsika, Toogood, & Hastings, 2008). All support was derived from trained staff to achieve the significant purpose of active support which increasing the opportunities of meaning participation in daily life activities that suit with the level of ability and age (Toogood, 2008). The result of active support procedure is the positive improvement of client’s activity engagement. According to the conceptual and value basis of active support includes primary focusing on relationship and daily life activities of people with severe intellectual disability, using a wide range of supporting procedure that appropriate with client’s needs, and the main emphasis is staff assistance (Stancliffe, Jones, Mansell, & Lowe, 2008). Moreover, the component systems of an active support are composed of routine and rhythms (making functional routine schedule for client based on individual preferences), activity protocol (making task analysis to teach new skills and encourage individual success), activity support plan (making flexible activity plans, manipulating staffs to support clients and following the individual life experiences), community compact monitoring (focusing on community facilities for people with intellectual disabilities and a social support to improve the quality of

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