Hilton, R. (2011). Managerial accounting: Creating value in a dynamic business environment (9th Ed.). McGraw-Hill. Hardcover ISBN: 9780073526928.
The article I decided to critique for the purpose on management accounting 2 is by Marlys Lipe and Steven Salterio. There article entitled The Balanced Scorecard: Judgmental Effects of Common and Unique Performance Measures ' came from the July 2000 edition of the Accounting Review journal.
Chartered Institute of Management Accountants defines MA as information that comes from combination of accounting, finance and management that needed to ensure the success of the organization. The changes in management accounting (MA) are a continuous matter that has been discussed by literature over an age. Thus, this paper also aims to discuss about the evolution of management accounting and changing roles of management accountants together with the development of strategic management accounting (SMA). In chapter introduction, this paper will explain the history and development of management accounting from ancient until now and also information about future of management accounting.
Kimmel, P. D., Weygandt, J. J., & Kieso, D. E. (2009). Accounting: Tools for business decision
In reviewing the changes in management accounting techniques we must first look at what caused these changes. (Blocher, et al., 2009) outlines six major changes in the business environment over recent years. These include; an increase in global competition; lean manufacturing; advances in information
Folk, M., J., Garrsion, H., R., & Noreen, W., E., (2002). Introduction to Managerial Accounting. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
S., & Hassan, M. K. (2012). The domination of financial accounting on managerial Commerce & Management, 22(4), 306-327. doi:10.1108/10569211211284502
If we look at the definition of management accounting, it states that management accounting is a process that helps managers make informed decisions by creating planning and performance management systems that help to control a business and guide it to identify and realise the businesses strategy (Institute of Management Accounants, 2008). With new technology being created over the last 20 years, it is clear that business environments have changed wildly and will require managers to make very vital decisions regarding the operation of a business in order to succeed in the new environment. For example, the structure of organisations all around the world have moved to a more decentralised structure compared to the classical hierarchal structure (Chenhall & Morris, 1986), this means there is more
The field of accounting is constantly evolving. This is true not only for the theory of accounting itself but also the entities that govern its theory and practice. Presently, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) and the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) are faced with some of the biggest challenges to date. To understand the significance of these two boards, it is necessary to understand their histories, relations between the boards, and the standards that they set. Also how the knowledge of these boards and the field they lead, gained through the masters of science in accountancy
Langfield-Smith, K., H. Thorne, and R. W. Hilton (2012). Management Accounting 6e: Information for Managing and Creating Value, 6th ed, McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd. (Hereafter referred to as LS)
Managerial accounting underlines on future choices and it is not an obligatory practice. It gives data to the association's insiders in connection with performance assessment, inspiration, course and control. The opportuneness of report is a noteworthy prerequisite and accentuation are set on the significance of things in choice making (Needles, Powers and Crosson, 2010). Administrative bookkeeping gives a report on clients, items, workers and divisions. Also, it is not an absolute necessity for administrative bookkeeping to take the proper accounting rules.
Rich, J., Jones, J., Heitger, D., Mowen, M., & Hansen, H. (2012). Cornerstones of Financial & Managerial Accounting. Mason, OH: South-Western/Cengage
Critically examine the above statements by analysing the contribution of traditional management accounting techniques in an organisation, the necessity for modern management accounting techniques and the role of accountants in the implementation of the modern management accounting techniques in an organisation.
The Burns and Scapens framework for analyzing managerial accounting change was built on the study of old institutional economics, which sees "economics as a process of social provision, subject to multiple and cumulative causation." This view culminates in a model that argues that the managerial accounting practices at institutions are subject to a process of constant change, influenced by routines and rules. The institutions contribute to these routines and rules, but so do actions on the part of managers within the institutions. By combining multiple influences over time, we arrive at modern managerial accounting practice. In other words, Burns and Scapens tells us that managerial accounting practice changes over time, influenced by a number of factors including rules, routines and actions.
Accounting is one of the oldest social sciences disciplines whose development has been affected by a variety of historical, economic, social-cultural and institutional factors. In essence, although the discipline is currently harmonized across different nations, accounting systems have been influenced by different national traits, a factor that also influenced the differences in accounting systems at the international level. In general, the accounting systems in use in different countries have developed as a result of different influential factors in each jurisdiction. Regardless of the jurisdiction, however, a number of key factors are generally agreed to have influenced the development of the accounting discipline. The most common