`` Acts Of Resistance : Black Men And Women ' And ' The Hanging Of Angelique '
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Aufa Cooper is a Jamaican-born Canadian author, historian and poet, who is known for her works Doing Battle in Freedom’s Cause, Memories Have Tongue, and The Hanging of Angelique. All of Cooper’s works, whether it being a poem, dissertation or novel, are mainly based on slavery and abolition, as she specializes in these topics and holds a Ph.D. in African-Canadian history. Along with slavery and abolition, Cooper also has an abundance of knowledge towards the topics of women’s history and New France studies. In this case, her paper “Acts of Resistance: Black Men and Women Engage Slavery in Upper Canada, 1793-1803” is being analyzed. Cooper wrote this paper based on her ongoing research from a previous study, looking at the overall role…show more content… Every-day acts of resistance included breaking tools, destroying livestock and other property, talking back to their owners and so forth, and though they had no long-term effect on the slave system, they encouraged many slaves to stand up for themselves, which slowly contributed to the elimination of slavery. Arson, homicide and armed rebellions were a few examples of long-term resistance which had a continuing effect on the slave system. When looking at both types of resistance, one may think they contradict each other but they often help each other out. Every-day acts of resistance can become so frequent that they help encourage slaves to come up with more ambitious ideas of rebellion that can later develop into long-terms acts of resistance. Resistance was such an important aspect for enslaved Africans because by the mid-1600’s, Black skin was interrelated with slavery and later “…became a badge of enslavement and concomitantly of racial and social inferiority.” (Cooper). As a result of slavery, those with Black skin were neglected from humanity and treated as private property that could be traded, bought, and sold. Slavery was also a permanent and hereditary predicament. Slave owners made sure that slavery would be persistent by making it legal that the children of a slave obtained their mother’s status. Though slaves were treated as property, they were not entirely deprived of power. Michael