Acupuncture Is A Therapeutic Technique Of Traditional Chinese Medicine ( Tcm )

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Introduction
Acupuncture is a therapeutic technique of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) which involves “the implantation of needles to different depths at a great variety of points on the surface of the human body”, in order to “stimulate deep-lying nerve-endings” and regulate “the circulation of qi and blood round the body ” (Lu & Needham, 2002:1). The history of acupuncture can be traced back to the Stone Age according to archaeological discoveries and the earliest available records of its principles, theories and applications can be found in the canonical TCM text Yellow Emperor’s Classic of Internal Medicine (Chang & Zhang, 2012:37). For the following 2,500 years, acupuncture has been continuously passed on alongside other components of TCM. Nowadays, acupuncture is widely practiced in the East and become increasingly popular in the West. Many Western scholars attempt to separate acupuncture from TCM paradigm and use modern “scientific” methods to reveal its underlying mechanisms, but so far, such studies have not yielded sufficient evidence to support its “scientificity”. Thus, it has been labelled as “pseudoscience” or “quackery” (Ulett & Schwarts, 1982; Skrabanek, 1988; Renckens, 2002; Ernst, 2010; Pandolfi & Carreras, 2014; and Wikipedia ).
In this essay, I intend to discuss whether acupuncture is a scientific therapy. To do this, I will first compare the different attitudes of scholars towards this issue before highlighting their fundamental disagreements. Then,

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