Acute Myeloid Leukemia ( Aml )

3312 WordsDec 1, 201414 Pages
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is characterized by an increase in the number of myeloid cells in the marrow and an arrest in their maturation.(1) Make sure you use the ASM system for reference citation; I do not believe this format you have is correct. The symptoms of AML are caused by the replacement of normal bone marrow with leukemic cells, which causes a drop in red blood cells, platelets, and normal white blood cells.(2) These symptoms include fatigue, shortness of breath, easy bruising and bleeding, and increased risk of infection.(1) Several risk factors and chromosomal abnormalities have been identified. AML progresses rapidly and is typically fatal within weeks or months if left untreated. This disease is a heterogeneous clonal disorder of haemopoietic progenitor cells.(2) These cells lose the ability to differentiate normally and to respond to normal regulators of proliferation.(2) AML has a terrible prognosis, with only 23.8% of patients surviving five years after diagnosis. (3) AML is treated initially with chemotherapy aimed at inducing a remission; patients may go on to receive additional chemotherapy or a hematopoietic stem cell transplant. The majority of patients, despite reaching complete remission with classical chemotherapy, will relapse.(3) The persistence of malignant cells is what causes remission. (3) Acute myeloid leukemia affects both older and younger patients. However, most patients are older than 60 years old, and the prognosis is worse for
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