Acute Obstructive Pulmonary Disease And Pancreatitis Essay

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There are two patients with two different medical diagnosis COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) and pancreatitis. COPD is caused by an obstruction of airflow and breathing problems for the patient. According to the CDC (Center of Disease Control) the prevalence of COPD occurs in both men and women greater than 18 years of age. There has been a decline in COPD for men from1999 (57.0 per 100.000 of the population to 2010 (47.6 per 100,000 of the population). In women there has been an increase of COPD from 1999 (35.3 per 100,000 of the population to 2010 (36.4 per 100,000 of the population) (CDC, 2014). The signs and symptoms include breathlessness, frequent coughing, wheezing and tightness in the chest (COPD Foundation, 2016). Complications of COPD include respiratory infections, heart problems, lung cancer, high blood pressure and depression (Mayo Clinic, 2015). Laboratory abnormalities of COPD is shown through arterial blood gas analysis which shows how well oxygen can enter the lungs and remove carbon dioxide. If the oxygen can barely enter and remove less carbon dioxide the patient is shown to have evidence of COPD (Mayo Clinic, 2015). Common treatments and modifications to treat COPD is to reduce smoking by going to smoking sensation classes if the patient is a smoker, bronchodilators, inhaled steroids, combination inhalers, oral steroids, antibiotics, theophylline and phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor. Other treatments are lung treatments such as oxygen
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