Acute Obstructive Pulmonary Disease ( Copd ) As The Comorbidity

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In this assignment, a case study will be discussed regarding a patient who is admitted for pneumonia and has a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) as the comorbidity. To begin with, the epidemiology will be explored along with the NHS medical costs of pneumonia and COPD as the main rationale for the selected patient. Secondly, COPD and pneumonia 's pathophysiology will be looked at and the bio-psycho-social model will be used to present the impact on the patient. Thirdly, a systematic approach (ABCDE model) will be used to identify the patient 's complex care needs, by which breathing is the primary focus. Additionally, varieties of nursing assessments (eg. oxygen saturations, respiratory rate) for breathing will be considered, in conjunction with diagnostic assessments such as chest x-rays. Moreover, different nursing interventions, both pharmacological (e,g, bronchodilators, antibiotics) and non-pharmacological (eg. pulmonary rehabilitation) will be covered for the management of breathing. Last of all, the promotion of patient partnership in their decision-making process and the importance of inter-professional team working will be mentioned through the whole of this essay. The patient, Mr. C, is an 85-year-old man who suffers from COPD and was admitted for pneumonia, whereby causing him breathlessness (dyspnea). The time-span for this case study will concentrate on a 4-hour period by which Mr. C 's COPD, pneumonia, and dyspnea were all managed. Mr. C was
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