Acute Renal Failure Patient Regarding Prevention

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KNOWLEDGE OF ACUTE RENAL FAILURE PATIENT REGARDING PREVENTION FROM CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE Sharma S. Assistant lecturer, Lalitpur Nursing Campus Bangdel R.D., Campus Chief, Lalitpur Nursing Campus ABSTRACT Statement-A study on knowledge of acute renal failure patient regarding prevention of chronic renal failure attending medical OPD and medical ward of Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital. Aim-The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge of acute renal failure patient regarding prevention of chronic renal failure. Methodology – A descriptive research study design was used for the study. This study was conducted at Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital among 50 respondents. A semi-structured open and close ended questionnaire…show more content…
The respondents living in urban area had more knowledge 71.68% than respondents living in rural area 37.13%. Key words: Acute Renal Failure, Chronic Renal Failure, Preventive measures INTRODUCTION Renal failure is common among adults in the United States. More than 10% of people, or more than 20 million, aged 20 years or older in the United States have renal failure. Renal failure is more common among women than men. More than 35% of people aged 20 years or older with diabetes have renal failure. More than 20% of people aged 20 years or older with hypertension have renal failure. Overall, the percent of renal failure among adults is greater than 10%. (National Chronic Kidney Disease Fact Sheet, 2010). In 2008, the adjusted rate of new chronic renal failure (CRF) cases was 351 per million populations. (USRDS, 2010) Kidney related health problem has been emerging as major health problems in Nepal in recent years. Kidney care experts believe that approximately 2700 new kidney patient is added every year in Nepal. When patients have their both kidneys failed, they require haemodialysis twice a week for the rest of their life or transplant kidney. Haemodialysis costs about Rs. 16,000 per month. Kidney transplant costs Rs. 800,000 to Rs. 1 million in foreign countries. The kidney disease individuals carry high risk of facing economic and social burden with treatment like dialysis and kidney transplantation and the burning cost of immune suppressive and other drugs.
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