Acute Respiratory Stress Syndrome Essay

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Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) is a medical condition that is capable of affecting a person of any age, which is usually characterized by the development of a serious condition of health. Accordingly many of the affected persons are usually admitted to medical facilities when such conditions develop. For a long time, many believed that the disease is caused by sepsis and shocks. However, ARDS is defined by an acute onset of hypoxemia, bilateral pulmonary edema of non-cardiogenic origin, and reduction in respiratory system compliance.1-3 Therefore, ARDS has the characteristics of non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema and severe hypoxemia.1 This disorder is a rapidly progressive form of acute respiratory failure.1 During World Wars, many doctors noticed that patients had a condition, which hosted symptoms such as severe pancreatitis, non-thoracic injuries, massive transfusion, sepsis, and other conditions that develop respiratory distress, diffuse lung infiltrates.1-3 These symptoms lead to respiratory failure.1,2 In 1967, Ashbaugh et al. studied many patients who showed the features of…show more content…
According to the AECC, this disease is characterized by severe features of acute lung injury, in a form of diffuse alveolar injury, bilateral pulmonary infiltrate, and severe hypoxemia with no evidence of cardiogenic pulmonary edema.1 However, the severity of the hypoxemia conditions is crucial diagnosing of ARDS. This is because this disorder was defined by the ratio of the partial pressure of oxygen in the patients’ arterial blood (PaO2) to the fraction of oxygen in the inspired air (FIO2).1-6 ARDS is believed to be the most severe form of acute lung injury (ALI) based on the form of diffuse alveolar injury. Though, ARDS described based on the PaO2/FIO2 ratio less than 200 while ALI is defined by the ratio of PaO2/FIO2 less than
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