Acute Urbanization And The City Of Mumbai

1422 WordsMar 13, 20166 Pages
The year 2010 is estimated to mark the transition of a majority (50.6%) of the world‟s population from rural to urban. UNPD. (2007) The most alarming implications of rapid urbanization include irrevocable alteration of local and global environments, unsustainable exploitation of natural resources and widening social equity gaps within urban areas. With the migration of masses from rural to urban ares cities are overcrowded and vulnerability and exposure aspects accruing it are in the state of change. Against this background it is imperative to examine the responses from these urban masses to the various disasters in the urban areas. One particularly problematic aspect of this challenge is the selection of appropriate adjustments and adaptations to natural hazards that are exacerbated by urbanization. The present dissertation seeks to examine the existing approaches to flood hazard risk reduction in the city of Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.Floods are considered the most common and highly damaging of all hazards, and it has been predicted that they are likely to become more frequent, more prevalent and more serious in the years to come (Muchtar & Bahar 2010) especially in fast growing cities of the world which are witnessing rapid urbanisation. Compared to other types of natural disasters, they account for approximately 20-40% of the events which are reported (Sene 2008). Their nature is governed by various factors, which include the properties of the drainage, rainfall
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