Addiction : Behavioral Addiction And Substance Addiction

2259 Words Apr 27th, 2016 10 Pages
“food” all of the symptoms, diagnostic tools, criteria, and outcomes would be exactly the same. There are two categories of addiction: behavioral addiction and substance addiction. It is believed that food addiction could fall under either. With the growing rate of obesity in the world; this is an addiction that needs to be moved to the forefront with drugs, alcohol, and gambling.

The loose interpretation of the word addiction is “anything irresistible that creates problems.” According to the American Society of Addiction, the medical definition of addiction is “a primary chronic disease of the brain reward, motivation, memory and related circuitry. Dysfunction in these circuits leads to characteristics biological, psychological, social and spiritual manifestations. This is reflected in an individual pathologically pursuing reward and/or relief by substance use or other behavior.”

Comparing the two categories of addiction, behavioral and substance. Behavioral addiction is triggered by the reward system in the brain brought on by the feeling experienced while participating in the behavior in question. Sex, working, gaming, gambling, pornography, and eating are examples of behavioral addictions. Substance addiction is triggered by the same reward system, however, is brought on by the chemical addition to the substance. Addictive substances like drugs, alcohol and highly palatable foods, also known as hyper-palatable.…
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