Annotated Bibliography LeWine, M.D. Howard. “Too Little Sleep, and Too Much, Affect Memory.” Harvard Healthy Blog, Harvard University, 29 Oct2015 www.health.harvard.edu/blog/little-sleep-much-affect- memory-201405027136. This article explains the importance of getting the perfect amount of sleep at night. The idea that sleeping for less than five hours or more than nine hours proves to have a negative effect on the human body. Sleep deprivation has a closely related link to memory retention and can cause a person to have trouble with daily task. The author continues to explain that not only is the brain effected by too little or too much sleep, but the rest of the body is also effected. Conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and even depression have links to not getting the perfect amount of sleep. The article concludes with listing tips to get the ideal amount of sleep at night, such as, going to sleep and waking up at the same time every day and limiting the amount of caffeine that is consumed throughout the day.
Therefore, the teacher should ensure the child is focused before giving instructions and the tasks should be broken down into small easily remembered pieces of information (Hodge, 2000). The child should be seated where communication can be made easier and information should be repeated if needed. Visual cues may need to be provided along with the verbal to aid the child in processing the verbal information. The child with dyslexia can have difficulty with perseverance to task so providing them with diagrams and flow charts depicting the task structure and posters reminding the child of steps to follow to complete the task can help. The teacher should ensure activities are not information overload for the child making the task impossible (DENI, 2011; Gathercole and Alloway, 2008). Also ensure that tasks are not lengthy sequences but meaningful chunks (DENI, 2011, p.100). Distractions should be reduced whilst the child is working for ‘if a child is distracted or interrupted while using working memory the process is lost and the child cannot resume from where they were interrupted’ (Gathercole and Alloway, 2008).The plenary should also be used to summarise main teaching points so that the learning is more likely to go from short term to long term memory.
Abstract Researchers of California State University, San Bernardino’s PSYC 311: Introduction to Experimental Psychology course have conducted a study on levels of processing (LOP) and type of memory. The foundation of the present study is molded after the Challis, B. H., & Brodbeck, D. R. (1992) study which aimed to confirm that LOP has a significant effect on type of memory. Researches, in addition to the previously mentioned, would like to validate that a dissociative effect will occur between the types of memory (implicit memory and explicit memory) just as Roediger, H. I., Srinivas, K., & Weldon, M. S. (1989) reported. The results concluded that LOP does in fact have a significant effect on type of memory; also a
The Existence of ADD and ADHD Some of the most common words moving around in the psychiatric circle are attention Deficit; hyperactivity; Ritalin; ADD, ADHD. These words are being most commonly discussed by most educators, physicians, psychologists and young parents in the society today. In spite of extensive advancements in technology which has brought new insights into the brain and learning, there is still a lacuna in the field of problems faced by children who are unable to remain focused on the task given to them in the classroom owing to their inability to pay attention.
Thielen 1 Michaela Thielen Mrs.Leier English 11 011415 Why Take on Year Round Schooling? “Pop quiz, lets see what you remember.” Often people realize, “Shoot! I forgot everything from last year!” Why go through that Ihavenoideahowtodothis kind of stress when year round education can fix that so simply. Even though year round schooling is uncommon, it will make a positive impact on society. In the United States there are only 3,181 year round schools that exist, but the number is still continuing to grow. Year round schooling promotes higher levels of excellence for students and schools all around. Although year round education makes scheduling events harder, and also makes it harder for students to get a summer job, switching to year round schooling has many positive outcomes and rewards. All schools should change to year round schooling because it shows improvements in school work, and in expanding retention rates. Many people question if year round schooling really helps improve test scores. According to the National Association for YearRound Education in the article “YearRound Schooling” they found in a study that when making three out of six elementary schools year round, those students in the year round schools posted overall increasingly higher test scores than those of the traditional scheduled schools. In a Thielen 2 different study ten out of thirteen students performed better in yearround schooling compared to a normal school calendar. Seven of those ten showed significant improvement in school work. Also in a different study from the Program for International Student Assessment it showed that in 2009 a fifteen year old who had been in the yearround education system ranked 14th in reading, 17th in science, and 25th in mathematics out of seventy countries. Year round schooling is as helpful as a calculator on a hard math test. It solves the solution to many problems. Yearround education also helps low income, failing students gain achievements that other students normally achieve in the school year. Not only do test scores seem to go up, but also the retention rates of students rise when in year round schooling. In addition, kids in school often struggle with the lack of ability to remember what they learned the year before.Yearround schooling can help students with this problem. According to Grace Chen, an outstanding education researcher and writer in the article “Year Round Vs Traditional Schedule in Public Schools” she stated that children often lose skills in math and language art over summer break, they also have to readapt to school schedules, teachers, school expectations and homework deadlines. This shows that students go through a lot of stress to readapt to school over their long summer break and that results in the loss of concrete skills needed to succeed in school. Students would not have to relearn what they forget over the summer since they would only be out of school, for at the most, three weeks at a time. They would return ready to pick up where they left off. Research shows that kids forget most of what they learn in the first three weeks after a lesson, so having your kid in yearround schools would help Thielen 3 keep what they learned with them all the way through the school year. In fact, kids typically forget up to one to three months of school skills over the summer vacation, making the time for review a lot longer than needed in yearround schooling. Also over the summer the more important skills like math facts, and spelling become forgotten, which many view as the most crucial skills. Year round schooling helps kids feel confident to apply the skills they learned from the year before. Why go through the stress of trying to remember everything from last year when there’s year round schooling to make you a Icouldn’tbelessstressedaboutschool type of person. Eventually year round schooling would benefit students in a positive way, and help kids get ahead in school. Year round schooling improves students test scores, and also improves the retention rate of learned material. For these reason all school districts should change their calendars to yearround schooling. Thielen 4 Works Cited Ballinger, C. "YearRound Schooling." Education Week Research Center . N.p., 3 Aug. 2004. Web. 11 Jan. 2015. < http://www.edweek.org/ew/issues/yearroundschooling/ >. Chen, Grace. "Year Round vs. Traditional Schedules in Public Schools | PublicSchoolReview.com." Public School Review . Public School Review, 13 Feb. 2014. Web. 14 Jan. 2015. < http://www.publicschoolreview.com/blog/yearroundvstraditionalschedulepublicsch ools >. Granderson, LZ. "Year Round School Is What's Needed." The New York Times . The New York Times Company, 14 July 2013. Web. 7 Jan. 2015. Granderson, LZ. "Yearround Schools Compete Globally." CNN . Cable News Network, 11 May 2011. Web. 23 Dec. 2014. Huebner, Tracy A. "YearRound Schooling." Kids Search . EBSCO, Apr. 2010. Web. 17 Dec. 2014. Nicholson, Kieran. "Bells Are Ringing at YearRound School." Proquest . Denver Post, 26 July 2001. Web. 18 Dec. 2014. Worsnop, Richard L. "YearRound Schools: Do They Improve Academic Performance?"" CQ Researcher 6.19 (1996): n. pag. Researcher Online . 11 May 1996. Web. 5 Jan. 2015. < http://library.cqpress.com/cqresearcher/document >.
| 4-7 years | Children have started education, which can be transition period for some children as some could have less concentration and not be
Memory Manipulation: Molecular Engram Modification for the Forgotten Millions of people on this Earth struggle daily with diseases that lie out of their control. Some with the involuntary and gradual amnesia of loved ones, others with memories that plague and haunt them on the loneliest of nights, and more. These issues are ironically forgotten those unaffected, and all stem from the same place- the brain’s memory engram cells. Engram cells are encoded neural tissue that provides a trace of memory and therefore is responsible for memory retrieval (1). Working in the lab with the implantation of memories and manipulating said engram cells of rodents can, over time, develop into altering human cells and activating memory retrieval to
Background information In recent years, the issue of inattentive students has been sweeping the nation, especially with the youngest children, Kindergarteners. According to Curwood (n. d.), Kindergarten has changed into First grade and First Grade to Second (p. 1). With more strenuous standards to meet, 5-year-olds have been subjected to longer school days, with most communities “[mandating] full-day attendance” (Curwood, n.d., p. 1). Children at this age are not cognitively developed enough to remain focused during their 6-hour long days. Furthermore, The United States has also seen a growing case of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) diagnoses. Having been diagnosed with the disorder myself, I can attest to the difficulty of lasting through an entire school day with the disorder. Along with longer days, standards focused schools are cutting
Background information In recent years, the issue of inattentive students has been sweeping the nation, especially with the youngest children, Kindergarteners. According to Curwood (n. d.), Kindergarten has changed into First grade and First Grade to Second (p. 1). With more strenuous standards to meet, 5 year olds have been subjected to longer school days, with most communities “[mandating] full-day attendance” (Curwood, n.d., p. 1). Children at this age are not cognitively developed enough to remain focused during their 6-hour long days. Furthermore, The United States has also seen a growing case of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) diagnoses. Having been diagnosed with the disorder myself, I can attest to the difficulty of lasting through an entire school day with the disorder. Along with longer days, standards focused
Everybody has wanted to know about a person without feeling like a total creep at least once in their lifetime. Well now you can with these nifty little invention that has been clinging to human civilization since the olden days, books. In the pieces literature”One Million Volumes,” and “Keep Memory Alive” you can find common message embedded in text that states the importance our connection to the past. Both stories tells a message, each has details that support a shared message, and both of these stories’ messages can relate to our own lives in some way.
Memory Strategies 2 Abstract The research is demonstrating the use of memory strategy in an educational setting; this study examines the use of chunking on telephone numbers by students on campus. There were a total of 40 students that participated, and they were split into two groups consisting of 20 students per group. The control group used chunking as their memory strategy for memorizing a list of 10 telephone numbers. In contrast, the experimental group has used no specific strategy to memorize the list of numbers that was given to them. Each group was given 15 minutes to memorize their list of 10 telephone numbers and they had 5 minutes to write it down on paper. People that used memory strategies has
The Memory System Memory is a very important aspect in a person’s life. It enables that individual to store information about various things that they can recall upon at a later time when that information is needed. The applications of your memory are boundless and are used every day whether we realize it or not for example taking test, fixing something around the house, playing a sport, etc. We are able to do this by associating that memory with a certain sounds, images, or colors that are familiar to us so it is easily recalled upon. In the following paragraphs I will explain how to trace the memory system from stimuli into long-term memory, explain proactive and retroactive interference, and other kinds of forgetting.
In The Class the character Wei is portrayed as an immigrant who rarely participates or gets involved with his classmates due to the language barrier. In the autobiography Hunger of Memory by Richard Rodriguez, Rodriguez himself had difficulties participating in class, and interacting with his fellow classmates due to the
Moreover, as someone that is entering the education profession these two concepts have really resonated with me extensively. I can’t wait to practice with my students’ memory exercises that demonstrated the mental capacities they have. For the short memory some exercises such as memorizing a phone number, a four-digit pass code, and a password can be try in the classroom to asses the individual student ability. On the other hand, for the long term memory in class activities such as reciting a
If given the opportunity to reflect on remembering the past, living in the present, or looking to the future what would I choose? Is it more important to remember the actions of the past or to look towards the future to make life better? These are all important parts of life to think about, but the most important part in my life is to remember the past. Remembering the past in important to one's life because the things of the past guide us to the acts of the future.