Additionally, In His Book “Distinction,” Bourdieu Discusses

1321 WordsMay 11, 20176 Pages
Additionally, in his book “Distinction,” Bourdieu discusses cultural capital and the way people use classes of classifications while classifying one another. As habitus, fields and cultural capital develop distinct of different class factions within social spaces, of the “sacred” sphere of culture that legitimates social order. Therefore, people undoubtedly know their place within society as well quickly identify other individuals who are within their class are other factions of society that are not parts of the upper class via their pretentious actions. (p. 6-7). According to Bourdieu, Class “is not defined by real property” but is determined by the structure of relations between values art, social graces and other resources, that the…show more content…
Chakrabarty Vs. Gramsci: In his book “Provincializing Europe: Postcolonial Thought and Historical Difference” author Dipesh Chakrabarty not totalizing as he feels it is important that the race, history, and practices of different localities disrupt the totalizing thrust of capitalism. Postcolonial thought and ideologies via “Totalizing” history as only a European experience and development of capitalism does not allow for human diversity and does not acknowledge that various cultural histories are part of and continue to modify current history. Thus, one must also incorporate the subjective human experience of other races and cultures into history and the development of capitalism and vice versa (p.22). In chapter two of “Provincializing Europe,” Chakrabarty recognizes the diversity of human experience and describes the experiences of political modernity in India and other races as different from Eurocentric experience. He asserts we must question “historicism” as an idea thus suggesting that to “understand anything it has to be understood as a whole via its historical development” (6). Thus, the totalizing theory makes society blind to how local knowledge, different races, and cultures are essential in the development of history. Developing a distinction Marx made between the two kinds of history, Chakrabarty says History 1 is defined as the history of capitalism,

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