Adlerian Paper

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VI. Techniques and Procedures Adlerian therapy can be best described as an art form. There are many ways for a therapist to use Adlerian techniques in practice. In regards to a general outline of this type of therapy, there are twelve main stages. According to Henry Stein (Stein &Edwards, 1998), these twelve stages are the empathy-relationship stage, information stage, clarification stage, encouragement stage, interpretation and recognition stage, knowing stage, missing experience stage, doing differently stage, reinforcement stage, community feeling stage, goal-redirection stage and the support and launching stage. During the different stages of therapy the therapist and client take on different roles. In the beginning part of…show more content…
VII. Contribution to Counseling/ Psychotherapy Alfred Adler believed that humans “are not passive victims of heredity or environment (not objects) but active constructors and interpreters of their situations (subjects) (Stein, 1998).” This means that whatever has happened in the past, and early childhood especially, has greatly impacted the way we conduct our lives as adults. However, it is not what was done to us or not done to us that only effects our lives, but mainly how be interpreted those situations and how we formed our self image around them. It can be said that if a young child continually compared themselves to older children and adults they may develop inferiority feelings, which are guided by fictional beliefs. Adler believed these feelings would force these children to strive toward an unrealistic final goal. “The final goal is a fictional creation of the individual – an imagined ideal situation of perfection, completion, or overcoming. Movement toward the final goal is motivated by a striving to overcome the feelings of inferiority (Stein, 1998).” Yet, Adler believed in an actual and attainable “final goal” that was very similar to Maslow’s theory of “self-actualization [and moving] toward the full realization of [peoples] potential (Maslow, 1970).” Next, Adler says there are two major factors, which contribute to ones unhappiness, “inferiority feelings and insufficiently developed feeling of community (Stein, 1998).” He
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