Marketing: the process of planning and executing of a product, its pricing, its promotion, and its distribution. In addition marketing attempts to manage customer relationships in ways that benefit the organization and its stakeholders. Marketing creates UTILITY (want-satisfying power of a good or service) through the exchange process. Time Utility – Availability of goods and services when people want them. Place Utility – Availability of goods and services at convenient locations. Ownership Utility – Ability to transfer title to goods and services from marketer to buyer. Form Utility – Conversion of raw materials and components into finished goods and services.
Four eras in the history of marketing: Production (prior to 1920s) – a…show more content… Risk Taking: Dealing with uncertainty about future customer purchases Ethics: Ethics are moral standards of behaviour expected by a society.
Marketing Ethics: The Marketers standards of conduct and moral values. The 5 areas of ethical concerns for Marketers are: Marketing Research – ex: Gathering marketing information in exchange for money or free offers. Product Strategy – ex: Product quality, planned obsolescence, packaging. Distribution – ex: Determining the appropriate degree of control over a channel. Promotion – ex: Gifts and Bribes Pricing – Most unethical pricing behaviours are also illegal. Social Responsibility: involves marketing philosophies, policies, procedures, and actions whose primary objective is the enhancement of society. The 4 levels of Social Responsibility are: Economic – Be Profitable; the foundation upon which all others rest Legal – Obey The Law; Play by the rules of the game Ethical – Be Ethical; Obligation to do what is right, just, and fair. Philanthropic – Be a Good Corporate Citizen; Contribute resources to the community, improve quality of life.
Planning: The process of anticipating future events and conditions and determining the best way to achieve organizational objectives. Marketing Planning: