Building information modeling is a coordinated set of processes which is supported by technology for digital representation of physical and functional characteristics of places. It is a process that relies on information rich models to help owners and Architectural/Engineering/Construction (AEC) service providers to more efficiently plan, design, construct and manage building and infrastructure projects. Building information modeling is now becoming more popular and transforming the global AEC industry. The usage of BIM now is on high rise because it provides greater
Building Information Modelling or BIM is usage of various soft wares which are flexible, highly detailed, contain extensive data and can efficiently help in simulation the activities of construction. This simulation can be rendered in various dimensions.
Building Information Modeling “BIM”, is an intelligent, model based process for planning, designing, building and managing buildings and infrastructures. BIM is a very powerful way for designers and architects to lay out building plans and designs. BIM is not just single piece of software or model, but a system of information processing and collaboration, with data fixed within the model. BIM begins with a 3D digital model of the building or infrastructure that is being planned out. However, the model that BIM provides is much more than just a 3D model. BIM technology allows for the project managers, designers and architects to see virtual equivalents of all the buildings parts that are going to be used throughout the entire construction process of the building. BIM brings together all of the information about every element of a building, and stores all the data in one place. It allows anyone working on the project to access the data in order to integrate different aspects of the design more effectively. BIM reduces the risk of mistakes which in turn helps to stay on budget and enhance efficiency.
The changes that have come about with the introduction of BIM usage within UK Government contracts necessitate for Education Institutes to re-evaluate existing construction specific courses to adequately implement BIM into the curriculums at all levels to provide continuing educational development within construction specific courses (Suwal, 2013).
Besides, audit of Building Information Modeling devices, basically Revit Architecture and Synchro further showed the capable utilization of 3D, 4D and model based booking. This showed that the development business is unquestionably making headway with BIM idea and BIM devices. The BIM is beginning to turn into a typical practice in the development business. The present interoperability difficulties will inevitably be relieved and BIM instruments will turn out to be more financially savvy and efficient.
Researchers often times are faced with the decision of choosing a methodology of research; either Quantitative or Qualitative that they think best fits their study and objectives. This choice is guarded by the topic of study, the advantages and disadvantages, and the strengths and weaknesses of using either one or the other type of the methodologies.
We now have many choices for research approaches. Author recommends that a general framework be adopted to provide guidance for all stages of research. Using still existing framework also allows researchers formulate ideas recognized by audiences who support proposals for research. This chapter introduces the reader to the three approaches to research quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods approaches. To understand them Creswell considers three framework elements: The type of assumptions which we have to make before starting practical research also known as knowledge claim; general procedures of research called strategies of inquiry and procedures of data collection, analysis, and writing called methods. The 3 research approaches use each of these elements differently.
Research methodology is conceptualised as the overall approach of the investigator to achieve the aim and objectives of the research study (Saunders et al, 2012). The literature has pointed out that effectiveness and efficiency of research methodology has a direct impact on its feasibility, reliability and authenticity (Bryman & Bell, 2015). This is the reason, it is proposed that standardised frameworks should be used to develop overall research strategy that is optimised for the aim and objectives of any given research.
“Building information modelling is defined as digital representation of physical and functional characteristics of a facility”, is the definition of BIM according to National BIM Standard (NBIMS). One has to know what BIM is in order to know the benefits of BIM. It is a shared digital representation founded on open standards for interoperability. The author states that, though BIM is largely used in the present industry, the way to measure benefits of BIM has not been established in a proper way. So, he discusses about a methodology
B.I.M stands for Building Information Modeling, intelligent model-based process that provides insight to help you plan, design, construct, and mange buildings and infrastructure. B.I.M changes how buildings, infrastructure, and utilities are planned, designed, built, and managed. Autodesk B.I.M solutions help turn information into insight and deliver business value at every step in the process. B.I.M incorporates major elements of estimating, cost and project management. As a result, the B.I.M computer model is a living representation of the actual structure at any given time. B.I.M is more than drawings- it is a date repository for building design, construction, and maintenance information combined in one convenient model to share. The benefits of B.I.M are that there are reduced changes during construction. Reduced conflicts during construction and improved construction. Improved collective understanding of design intent reduces claims, disputes, and conflicts. B.I.M provides the capability to design efficient “Green Buildings.” The future of B.I.M will only make B.I.M better, the Information of B.I.M will be utilized more, designers, constructors and building owners will leverage the information that is right in from of them to add value to the building they are producing. Room and furniture, fixture, and equipment validation between
This section provides an introduction to the different types of research paradigms and methods before concluding on the approach that this study will undertake.
(“Building Information Modeling”) BIM is digital, meaning it is able to be shared with all people working on the project so that it can be modified where it is needed. Along with being able to share, BIM is capable of showing how much pressure is applied to objects in the buildings. The materials these objects are made of can also be changed very easily with a few taps on a screen or clicks of a mouse. With all this in mind, where is building information technology going? Well, right now, it is going nowhere for a few reasons. People may take courses and tutorials in different programs, but in the end, it is still difficult to see errors. Most errors are able to blend in with the pieces that are in the correct place. The issue is that the computer isn’t aware. Computers are being given commands, they aren’t able to point out what is wrong because they don’t know. Another issue is that everyone working on a project using BIM must know what they are looking at and how to use the tools. Until these issues are resolved, BIM won’t be going into the future improved. (Azhar Salman, “Building Information Modeling (BIM): Benefits, Risks and
5.Kothari, C.R (2008). Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques. New Age International (P) Ltd. [online]Available at: http://books.google.com.hk/books?id=8c6gkbKi-F4C&pg=PR3&dq=Kothari+2004&hl=zh-CN&sa=X&ei=r3NkUaOPLufJ0QWR7oHoDQ&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Kothari%202004&f=false[Accessed: 5th June, 2015]
There are several research approaches available for researchers to choose. Therefore, it is essential that researchers choose the best research approach for their problem statement and purpose. The purpose of this paper is to develop three hypothetical research approaches, compare, and contrast the three research approaches. The three approaches chosen are the case study approach, survey research approach, and the ex post facto approach.
When selecting a research approach, Creswell (2014) outlines criteria that affect the choice of one approach over another. I have already discussed how my worldview, personal experiences, and identified problem of practice and the questions affect my research. The design, methods, and audience of my emerging research will also be considered in terms of choosing a research approach.