Adoptions With An Emphasis On The Adoption Of Infants

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Unrelated Adoptions with an Emphasis on the Adoption of Infants
Nicole Scrivani
University of Central Florida

Unrelated Adoptions with an Emphasis on the Adoption of Infants
Adoption is the process in which an adult legally becomes the guardian to a child or children that are not biologically their own (Legal Information Institute, n.d.). Through adoption, a new family is created and rather than looking at it as one event—which many people mistakenly do—it is a lifelong process that has an effect on every aspect of all parties involved. While there are many different components of adoption, this paper has a strong emphasis of unrelated adoptions, or adoptions by adults who are not in any way biologically related to the child, and when fit, the adoption process and effects specific to infants.
According to Crosson-Tower (2013), adoption was originally intended for the benefit of the adoptive parents. They would use adoption to carry on the family name or ensure they would have enough workers/income for example. By the year 1929, all states in America had some form of adoption. Most of the adoptions carried out at this time were from orphanages and orphan trains. It was not until the early twentieth century where the emphasis was on ‘the best interest of the child’. Some of the biggest strides made in adoption occurred in the1980’s where subsidies were given to families who adopted children with special needs and permanency plans where
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