Adult Basic Education Programs For Adult Education

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Adult Basic Education programs exist in the United States to provide “second chance” educational services to adults 18 and older who test below a twelve grade level in reading, language, or math. This is made possible through the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA), which was signed into law by President Obama on July 22, 2014, revising and reauthorizing the Workforce Reinvestment Act (WIA) of 1998 (H.R. 803, 2014). Title II of the WIA established the current accountability standards for adult education programs in the United States that include state-level development of student outcome-based performance standards to determine program effectiveness. Outcome measures include adult student educational functioning level gains in reading, math, and language literacy; student gains in the skills and knowledge areas needed to become employable; an increase in adult student parental involvement, and completion of high school equivalency diplomas. These outcomes reflect the goals of the WIA adult education program, which are to improve English literacy and language skills needed for self-sufficiency, to assist in completion of high school, and to place adults into postsecondary and employment training programs (Condelli, Castillo, Seburn, & Deveaux, 2002). WIOA expands and encourages better coordination between the primary federal programs that support workforce development, employment services, adult education, and vocational rehabilitation services, and establishes
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