Type 1 Diabetes effects millions of people around the world (Michel & Montada-Atin, 2014). Most often, a person is diagnosed before their 30th birthday, with diagnosis commonly being between 11 and 13 years of age (Michel & Montada-Atin, 2014). Diabetes is a disease of the pancreas. More specifically, the breakdown of β cells in the pancreas causes the production of insulin to cease (Michel & Montada-Atin, 2014). Once the body is unable to
Type 1 diabetes, is an incurable but treatable disease which can occur at any age but is mostly found in children due to the high levels of glucose in the blood (Eckman 2011). Juvenile diabetes affects about 1 in every 400-600 children and more than 13,000 are diagnosed yearly (Couch 2008). Type 1 Diabetes means your blood glucose, or blood sugar, is too high. With Type 1 diabetes, your pancreas does not make insulin. Insulin is a hormone, which helps glucose gets into your cells to provide energy. Without insulin, too much glucose stays in your blood. Over time, high blood glucose can lead to serious problems with your heart, eyes, kidneys, nerves, gums and teeth (American Diabetes Association). Previous research has suggested proper
According to the United States Library of Medicine, diabetes is a disease that occurs when the body does not make or use insulin correctly, therefore causing fluctuating amounts of glucose in the blood. Diabetes is a disease that affects millions of adults and children from various cultures. According to the American Diabetes Association (2014), someone is diagnosed with diabetes every 19 seconds. The Center of Disease Control and Prevention most recent statistical report indicated there were 29.1 million adults and children affected by diabetes. Those numbers are astounding. Unfortunately, the American Diabetes Association (2014) estimates by year of 2050, one out of three adults will have diabetes. Therefore, it is imperative that adults take aggressive measures to prevent this disease. By the same token, diabetes diagnosed in children and adolescent is becoming more prevalent every day. The American Diabetes Association (2014) reported there were about 216, 00 children in the United States with diabetes. It is predicted that one out three children will be diagnosed with diabetes in their life. The statistics for both adults and children with diabetes are frightening; however, early detection can help lower the risk of developing the debilitating effects of diabetes.
Diabetes Mellitus is the metabolic disorder characterized by high levels of blood glucose that is caused by deficiency of production of insulin, action of insulin, or may be both of them. The uncontrollable output of hepatic glucose and reduced uptake of glucose by the skeletal muscle with reduced synthesis of glycogen lead to hyperglycaemia. Diabetes is a complicated disease; it can affect mostly every organ of our body and causes devastating consequences.
Type 1 diabetes is the third most common chronic health condition in childhood (Spencer, Cooper and Milton 2010). Worldwide incidence is increasing yearly (Mullier 2012). Type 1 diabetes is a life-long autoimmune disorder. It occurs when the body’s immune system destroys pancreatic beta cells resulting in the stoppage of insulin production, which is necessary to regulate blood glucose levels (Mullier 2012). Individuals with Type 1 diabetes need to inject insulin or acquire it through a pump to live. Many health-related complications can arise as a result of poor management of diabetes. These include retinopathy,
Type two diabetes is of great concern in the United States, more specifically defined type two diabetes occurs when the body does not provide enough insulin causing in excess of sugar in the blood. This contrasts with type one diabetes where the body does not produce any insulin, or is insulin resistant. Children are often diagnosed with this early in life. Type two diabetes was once dubbed the “adult onset diabetes” because it had mainly affected adults in their later years, recently though, more children and youth are being diagnosed with type two diabetes. There are many possible causes of diabetes,
Type one diabetes is when the pancreas is not able to produce enough insulin for the body to function effectively, and a person becomes insulin dependent. It usually happens in children and young adults and is not as common as type two with “10 to 15 percent of all people with diabetes having type one.” (Diabetes Australia, Victoria 2008). Type one diabetes is an “autoimmune disease” (Diabetes Australia, Victoria 2008) where the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin
Type 1 diabetes, also referred to as Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM) or Juvenile Diabetes, can be caused by a genetic disorder. It can occur at any age, but it is most often diagnosed in children, adolescents, or young adults around 20 years old or before a person is 30 years of age. Insulin is a hormone produced by special cells, called the beta cells, in the pancreas, an organ located in the area behind the stomach. Insulin is needed to move blood sugar (glucose) into cells, where it is stored and later used for energy. In type 1 diabetes, these cells produce little or no insulin. Without enough insulin, glucose builds up in the bloodstream instead of going into the cells. The body is unable to
Type 1 diabetes is also known as diabetes mellitus or juvenile diabetes. Even though it is called juvenile, adults can get type 1 diabetes also. Above I mentioned type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease where your body attacks itself. What happens with type 1 diabetics is their body attacks the islets in the pancreas and kills them. The islets are what make insulin. Your body uses insulin like a key. The cells in your body need to absorb carbohydrates for energy. The insulin is like a key that unlocks the cell to absorb the carbs. When your body doesn’t make insulin, your cells can’s use the carbs. Some symptoms before you are diagnosed is you might get thirsty a lot more than other people or you may lose a lot of weight.
In 1980, there were zero cases of juvenile diabetes. However, because of unhealthy habits and nutrition in America, the cases of juvenile diabetes increased up to 57,636 in 2010. Over the past several decades, people have been establishing fast- food restaurants and processed foods. Instead of cooking meals at home, people have been going out to eat and buying foods that come in packages and cans, containing high in fats, sugars, carbohydrates, etc. Because of this, scientists and experts have been making treatments and gathering up research and ideas to help treat and cure type 1 diabetes (juvenile diabetes)- where the pancreas secretes little or no insulin- and type 2 diabetes- where the body do not respond to insulin (“Insulin Basics,” 2014). To know what treatments are available for diabetic people, the treatments should be known. This paper discuss the ways to treat diabetes to provide knowledge about it due to how common it is today.
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) in children is "a lifelong metabolic disorder that influences 1 out of every 400-600 children in America each year" (Mackey et al., 2016, p. 35). The diagnosis of T1D in children impact not only the child but also the parents and whole family. In order to control the blood sugar and prevent the further complications from this chronic diseases, parents must learn how to give injections of insulin, count daily carbohydrates and monitor blood sugar (“Mayo Clinic”, 2017). These new changes may be overwhelming for parents of young children with newly diagnosed T1D; therefore, in this essay, the author is going to provide an article about the diabetic intervention for parents of young children newly diagnosed
The type 1 diabetes mellitus or DM1 corresponds to the formerly called insulin-dependent diabetes (IDDM), juvenile - onset diabetes or infantojuvenil diabetes . No insulin production is observed, due to the destruction of the β cells of the Islets of Langerhans of the pancreas . The destruction usually occurs in relatively short periods, especially in the youngest ones, predisposing to a serious decompensation of the metabolism called ketoacidosis. It is more common in young people (under 25 years old) and affects about 4.9 million people worldwide, with a high prevalence reported in North America . It represents between 5 to 10% of DM. 4
Type-1 diabetes mellitus is a specific type in children and adolescents. It is spreading rapidly in children and youth, but still, efforts are not being made to identify its symptoms.
To help understand the impact of diabetes, the information regarding the disease itself should also be understood. Type 1 diabetes is also referred to as childhood or juvenile diabetes, since it is more commonly diagnosed in young people (Kelly, 1998). The function of the pancreas is altered in a diabetic person. The pancreas no longer produces insulin correctly, which affects the body’s ability to move glucose to cells in the rest of the body. The pancreas of an average person produces insulin when food is
In the pancreas, there are specialized cells that form small islands of cells, called "islets of Langerhans," that are alpha cells and beta cells. In these endocrine cells, they release pancreatic hormones, such as insulin and glucagon that diffuse into the bloodstream to regulate glucose levels. Beta cells secretes insulin, which regulates carbohydrate, protein, fat metabolism and storage. On the other hand, alpha cells secrete glucagon, in which it breaks down stored sugar (glycogenolysis). Without enough production of insulin, glucose remains in the blood that generates an increase levels of sugar in the blood.