Adult Onset Diabetes : Type 2 Diabetes

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Adult-Onset Diabetes, also known as Type 2 diabetes, is a condition that affects the metabolizing of sugar within your body; this is one of the body’s most important sources for fuel so it is crucial for the function to work or for you to be in control of the condition. The disease is most common in adults, but it is becoming more common in children because of the increase in childhood obesity in America and across the World. (Staff, Mayo Clinic 2016) Beginning in the 1990’s investigators began to observe that in some regions of the United States, Type 2 diabetes is as frequent as Type 1 diabetes mellitus in children and teens. Type 2 diabetes is a serious and costly disease. There are many chronic complications that can arise, including…show more content…
(Staff, Mayo Clinic 2016) There are three main causes to developing Type 2 Diabetes. The most common is insulin resistance. Insulin is a hormone that comes from the pancreas. The pancreas secretes this hormone to the bloodstream, where it then circulates to give sugar to the cells within our body. Glucose is extremely important, it is the main source of energy for our cells that make up our muscles and other tissues. Glucose is able to enter the cells with the help of insulin. Insulin lowers the amount of sugar in your bloodstream so as the sugar levels drop, the secretion of insulin from your pancreas does as well. However, in Type 2 diabetes the process does not always work as it should and sugar often builds up in your blood stream. (Staff, Mayo Clinic 2016) You do not have to be insulin resistant to develop this type of diabetes though. A second cause could be your family history and genetics, as it can be hereditary. Just because your mother or father had this type of diabetes does not mean that you are guaranteed to develop it, but you become much more likely to. As of right now researchers are not sure which genes carry the risk, but research is being done to figure out the genetic
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