Advanced Practice Nursing : Development, Challenges, And Trends Essay

1168 Words5 Pages
Advanced Practice Nursing: Development, Challenges, and Trends
Abbey T. Gunderson
Florida Gulf Coast University

Advanced Practice Nursing: Development, Challenges, and Trends
There is an increased need for primary care providers in the United States, as insurance coverage is expanding and the population is aging. The Association of American Medical Colleges projects a shortage of 130,000 physicians by 2025 (Iglehart, 2014). Therefore, the emerging role of the Advanced Practice Nurse (APN) is necessary to combat this shortage to increase the access to primary care. However, APNs are facing numerous barriers in the health care system, including scope of practice limitations, physician discrepancies, and policy payment obstacles. APNs must strive to overcome these barriers and increase awareness of their role in the United States’ health care transformation.
Historical Development Nurse practitioners have been providing healthcare in the United States since the 1960s. The first Nurse Practitioner program was founded by Dr. Loretta Ford and Dr. Henry Silver in 1965 at the University of Colorado (American Association of Nurse Practitioners, 2016). The role of the APN was developed during a shortage of primary care physicians, similar to what we are experiencing today. In the 1960s, there was a high demand for primary care in the underserved population. Today, nurse practitioners are widely known for their impeccable, compassionate care throughout the entire population.
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