Advancements in the Field of Genomics

961 WordsFeb 18, 20184 Pages
The field of genomics is quickly and steadily gaining momentum in the field of systematics. Based on an organism’s genetics, it applies novel methods of DNA sequencing and bioinformatics to sequence, construct, and analyze the structure, and consequently, the function, of entire genomes, using the resulting genetic information from different specimens in fine-scale genetic mapping. Advancements in other fields such as human biomedicine may also be dependent on progress made in genomics, especially unresolved problems focused on changes in genes triggered or disrupted in development, susceptibility to infectious disease, mechanisms of DNA recombination and genome plasticity which cannot be adequately interpreted without a precise evolutionary context or hierarchy. One of the most well-known and supported endeavors in the advancing field of genomics is the human genome project whose creation has since revolutionized the related fields of proteomics and medicine with comparative genomic analyses of primate species offering considerable potential in defining the processes responsible for molding and transforming the human genome. In spite of these scientific advancements, however, very little information is known about genomes in some species like the primates. Primate taxonomy is both complex and controversial with close to nothing in terms of unifying consensus of the evolutionary hierarchy of extant primate species. This lack of knowledge of the specific hierarchies in
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