Advantages And Cons Of Outsourcing

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2.1 Outsourcing
Kamensky and Morales (2006, 45) define outsourcing as a management strategy that contracts out organizational activities to vendors or suppliers who specialize in these activities in order to perform them more efficiently and effectively. Outsourcing is defined as the practice of turning over entire business functions to an outside vendor that can supposedly can perform the specialized tasks better and less expensively than the organization choosing to outsource. Outsourcing differs from privatization in that outsourcing, the work load is shifted from in-house government providers to the private sector, but no transfer or sale of assets has occurred. Outsourcing needs the government to remain fully responsible for the provision of all services and management decisions. Other transactions include direct vendor delivery, hiring long term trained staff, etc.

2.2 Public private partnerships
Haarhoff (2008,14) states that private public partnerships “PPP” can be defined as a concept involving the public and private sectors working in co-operation and partnership to
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The alternative service providers vary from public-private partnerships to usage of municipal agencies and other parties outside the public sphere (Peters, 225). These services or goods will then benefit the public or the human resource of the public sphere. Auriacombe and van der Waldt (2014: 70) state that this method assists the government to achieve all desired goals of reengineering, restructuring, right sizing, renewal and ensures the government to deliver its specialized services in an effective, efficient and economical manner. The government now focuses on the things it does best whiles delegating other functions to other sectors to distribute other services and tasks.
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