Advantages And Disadvantages Of Mitral Valve

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Mitral valve replacement is surgery to replace the mitral valve with an artificial (prosthetic) valve. You may need this procedure if your mitral valve is too damaged to repair, such as from rheumatic disease. Three types of prosthetic valves are available:
Mechanical valves made entirely from prosthetic materials.
Donor valves from human donors. These are only used in special situations.
Biological valves made from animal tissues.
There are two types of mitral valve replacement surgeries:
Traditional mitral valve replacement surgery.
Minimally invasive mitral valve replacement surgery.
You and your surgeon will decide which type of valve is best for you and which type of surgery you will have.
Tell a health care provider about:
Any allergies you have.
All medicines you are taking, including vitamins, herbs, eye drops, creams, and over-the-counter medicines.
Any problems you or family members have had anesthetic medicine.
Any blood disorders you have.
Any surgeries you have had.
Any medical conditions you have.
Whether you are pregnant or may be pregnant.
What are the risks?
Generally, this is a safe procedure. However, problems may occur, including:
Infection of the new valve.
Allergic reactions to medicines.
Damage to other structures or organs.
Blood clotting caused by the new valve. Replacement with a mechanical valve requires lifelong treatment with medicine to prevent blood clots.
Valve failure.
What happens before the procedure?
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