Advantages And Disadvantages Of Multilingualism

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Multilingualism can be observed in many countries around the globe. With the increasing connectedness of the world, many people are becoming familiar with more languages. As Cenoz (2013) pointed out:
“A well-known definition of multilingualism is given by the European Commission (2007): “the ability of societies, institutions, groups and individuals to engage, on a regular basis, with more than one language in their day-to-day lives” (p. 6).”
Cenoz also demonstrated that multilingualism is often found within culturally diverse societies, like the North American, or European societies; where people need to learn more than their first language to communicate with other people. Although multilingualism is a popular phenomenon in big cities, but there are also individuals living in monolingual societies and are bilingual or multilingual, as Cenoz noted. Moreover, in the present-day, larger numbers of individuals are learning English to communicate with the people from all around the world. Nevertheless, there are countless reasons why individuals learn more than one language like studying and being a refugee. Furthermore, there are many researches regarding the advantages and disadvantages of multilingualism. Also, in the presence of immigration and globalization, countries will need to be more open to new languages and new cultures. According to Diamond (2010), multilingual gives individuals the advantage by making their cognitive abilities superior. He also explained
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