Advantages And Disadvantages Of Waste Management In Mumbai

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Demographics of Mumbai city : According to Wikipedia, Mumbai is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the most populous city in India, most populous metropolitan area in India, and the eighth most populous agglomeration in the world, with an estimated city population of 18.4 million and metropolitan area population of 20.7 million as of 2011 . According to the 2011 census, the population of Mumbai was 12,479,608. The population density is estimated to be about 20,482 persons per square kilometer. The living space is 4.5sq meter per person.
Population growth of Mumbai:
Census Population %+/-
1971 5,970,575 -
1981 8,243,405 38.1
1991 9,925,891 20.4
2001 11,914,398 20.7
2011 12,478,447 4.7
(Source- MRDA, Wikipedia)
Actual situation of Waste management in Mumbai :
Mumbai is the capital of Maharashtra State and the financial capital of the country. The city, once a leading industrial centre has now become a tertiary economy, with just
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Figure showing a typical slum in Mumbai

Transportation of waste :
The southern end of the city is very congested due to traffic conditions during daytime. A single refuse truck is in charge to disposal site and due to this a very huge amount of waste is carried in this shift. The reason is due to lack of economy. Small vehicles are used to collect waste within the city and then transferred to the bulk vehicles which take to disposal site.
22% of manual and 78% of mechanical vehicles are employed by corporation to transport waste.
Waste is carried out by different vehicles depending on the distance . Stationary compactors , mobile compactors and closed tempos carry 60 percent of waste , 10 percent by open dumpers and 20 percent through tarpaulin vehicles. Vehicles employed for collection of waste:
Type of vehicle Capacity cum Municipality Private Total
Open trucks 5/10 18 29 47
Compactors 15 138 158
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