At the end of World War 2, most countries in Europe were in a wreck. Cities were decimated and economy was failing, it was the time to rebuild. The European Union was an effective way to help Europe rebuild. The EU first started as just a common market for steel and coal, but quickly grew into a union of countries united as one. It is a great opportunity for countries in Europe as the it was created for the sole purpose of preserving peace and preventing another World War on the rebuilding continent. The EU is also very beneficial to countries as it has the best economy in the world, for the peace efforts and the ability to support its members.
When the EU takes on more countries, the differences between the nations and the people in them become more expansive. WIth more cultures and countries to work with, cooperation between the EU becomes difficult. This can be easily shown in the quote, “With all this unifying going on, one of the more delicate issues facing the new Europe is how to create a common foundation without carpeting over the continent’s rich tapestry of peoples, languages, cuisines, and cultures (Doc F).” The EU is struggling with uniting the EU as a whole, while maintaining the properties of that country that make it so unique. This can be a problem in keeping the identity of these countries. Another piece of evidence is the quote “European culture is a bouquet de fleurs,’[bouquet of flowers]...’Together they are beautiful. But the rose is still a rose, and the tulip is a tulip. This must be preserved (Doc F).” Herr Eisenhauer meant by the quote, that Europe is beautiful together, but each country must maintain its own
In its historical context discuss why and how the EU was set up and the advantages and disadvantages of membership.
In this essay, I will be discussing why the European Union (EU) was set up and the means of how it was set up, as well as analysing the development of the EU and the advantages and disadvantages of the union.
Since 1950 European Union (EU) was created it has promoted peace, prosperity and values among the member nations and its neighbouring countries. EU’s influential tools, has helped transform many European states into functioning democracies and prosperous countries. EU’s membership has grown from 6 to 28 countries (Enlargement, 2014), satisfying a historic vow to integrate the continent bringing in most states of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) by peaceful ideals.EU has anticipated the enlargement as an extraordinary opportunity to endorse political strength and economic success in Europe. EU’s extension policy is open to any European state that fulfils the EU’s political and financial criteria for membership; still the political process of inclusion of new state requires a unanimous agreement from all the existing 28 member states. Europe is considered to be more flourishing and safer place due to the promotion of democracy, anti-corruption policy and the single market policy.
The enlargement of the European Union (EU) in 2004 and 2007 has been termed as the largest single expansion of the EU with a total of 12 new member states – bringing the number of members to 27 – and more than 77 million citizens joining the Commission (Murphy 2006, Neueder 2003, Ross 2011). A majority of the new member states in this enlargement are from the eastern part of the continent and were countries that had just emerged from communist economies (EC 2009, Ross 2011), although overall, the enlargement also saw new member states from very different economic, social and political compared to that of the old member states (EC 2009, Ross 2011). This enlargement was also a historical significance in European history, for it saw the
Twenty eight countries form the European Union (7.3% of the world 's population). It has 24 official languages, a flag, an anthem, a special day, a currency - the Euro, a common market, institutions, and diversity. The population of the EU was approximately 507 million in 2014. The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the EU last year. I am going to examine the main reasons for the creation of the EU and the advantages, disadvantages of membership.
This is feared to possibly lead towards cultural homogenisation, as member countries begin to lose their identities certainly politically, as the EU becomes a supposed super-state. While others will argue that this social grouping allows for a more peaceful situation between all member countries, this was especially true following World War 2; which in itself lead to the creation of the EU. As well as arguing that the EU allows for more accessible travel, allowing European citizens to discover different cultures and live in better harmony.
The establishment of the EU was in the works starting from 1945, the end of the Second World War. The United Kingdom started the process of joining the EU in 1969, finally joining the community on January 1st 1973 along with Denmark and Ireland. The official establishment of the European Union as we know it today was on November 1st, 1993 in Maastricht, Netherlands. When England joined the EU, the European Parliament increased its influence in affairs so that all citizens could elect the members of parliament directly. Currently there are 28 members of the European Union, but with the recent developments of brexit, it seems as though the UK might make it so there are only 27 members of the EU. Not only was the European Union established to get rid of war, but with it’s establishment also came a new currency that many members of the EU began to use. From its establishment also came the Banking Union, which ensures safer and more reliable banking to prevent economic crisis like the one that occurred in 2010. As hoped for, the EU also hugely improved international trade and made the EU the top trading partner for 80 countries and the world’s largest manufacturers for goods and services. Free international trade is also the basis for the establishment
Europe has been quite successful in integrating its economies because of the various geopolitical and economic activities. The first and foremost reason is that these countries are small and the economy of the one country can be integrated with the economy of the other country. Their integration has been made possible because the aspiration and believe of the different countries are very much similar. Moreover, their cultural and economic history is moreover same. European Union as it has been called now has been the most developed model of the regional integration though challenged by economic crisis now a days.
When considering joining the European Union, countries think about how they will benefit and one way they can benefit, is through the economy. First of all, there is a common currency, the euro. This makes moving from country to country easier, as well as giving nations in the European Union a feeling of unity. Europeans can move freely within Europe and do not have to worry about exchanging currency. Having the euro is also beneficial because it eliminates trade barriers, by having the same currency, it will be easier to trade. There will be no need for conversions when trading throughout the European Union. Also, the free trade area is beneficial
many nation’s political leaders. Europe was in ruins following the war, and the funding received through the Marshall Plan was crucial in the recovery of Europe. Although Integration began following the war, it truly went in motion following the signing of the Treaty of Rome.
People have created unions many times but not all of them were successful, specifically when we consider alliances among number of countries with different economics, political systems and culture. For instance, last century brought both the biggest collapse and the most promising union in the modern history. Although U.S.S.R has disappeared from geographical maps, some of its members joined another alliance. The European Union (EU) is an economic and political partnership that united 28 countries on the European part of Eurasia and represents a unique form of cooperation among members today.